Sapé language

Native to Venezuela
Region Paragua and Karuna rivers
Ethnicity 28 (1992)[1]
Native speakers
5 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 spc
Glottolog sape1238[2]

Sapé AKA Kaliana is a nearly extinct language spoken along the Paragua and Karuna rivers. In 2008 a few elderly speakers were found. Sape is one of the most poorly attested extant languages in South America, and may be a language isolate. There is, however, no linguistic data on the language.[3][4]


  1. 1 2 Sapé at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Sapé". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Harald Hammarström, 2010, 'The status of the least documented language families in the world'. In Language Documentation & Conservation, v 4, p 183
  4. Dixon and Aikhenvald, 1999, The Amazonian Languages, p 343.

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