Sancho VI of Navarre

Sancho VI

Incompletely preserved seal of Sancho VI, riding a horse and holding a sword and a lance, with a large Norman shield
Born (1132-04-21)21 April 1132
Died 27 June 1194(1194-06-27) (aged 62)
Burial Pamplona Cathedral
Spouse Sancha of Castile
Issue Berengaria of Navarre, Queen of England
Sancho VII of Navarre
Blanche of Navarre, Countess of Champagne
House Jiménez
Father García Ramírez of Navarre
Mother Margaret of L'Aigle
Religion Roman Catholicism

Sancho VI Garcés (Basque: Antso VI; 21 April 1132 – 27 June 1194), called the Wise, was king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194.

Son of García Ramírez and Margaret of L'Aigle, Sancho was the first to use the title "King of Navarre" as the sole designation of his kingdom, dropping Pamplona out of titular use.

His reign was full of clashes with Castile and Aragon. He was a monastic founder and many architectural accomplishments date to his reign. He is also responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe.

He tried to repair his kingdom's borders which had been reduced by the Treaties of Tudején and Carrión, which he had been forced to sign with Castile and Aragón in his early reign. By the Accord of Soria, Castile was eventually confirmed in its possession of conquered territories. In the face of a possible Castilian military takeover of further western Navarrese territories, Sancho VI re-asserted royal authority by founding several towns in 1181, e.g. San Sebastián, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Treviño, etc.

He was hostile to Count Raymond Berengar IV of Barcelona, but Raymond's son King Alfonso II of Aragon divided the lands taken from Murcia with him by treaty of Sangüesa in 1168. In 1190, the two neighbours again signed a pact in Borja of mutual protection against Castilian expansion.

He died on 27 June 1194, in Pamplona, where he is interred.

In 1157, Sancho married Sancha, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. Their children were:

His illegitimate children were:

Sancho VI of Navarre
Born: 21 Apr 1132 Died: 27 June 1194
Regnal titles
Preceded by
García Ramírez
King of Navarre
Succeeded by
Sancho VII
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