Samut Sakhon Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Sakhon Province
|Capital||Samut Sakhon town|
|• Governor||Maenrat Rattanasukhon (since October 2015)|
|• Total||872.3 km2 (336.8 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 72nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 53rd|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 4th|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-74|
Samut Sakhon (Thai: สมุทรสาคร, pronounced [sā.mùt sǎː.kʰɔ̄ːn]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon, and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on March 9, 1946.
It is part of the Bangkok Metropolitan Region.
The word "samut" originates from the Sanskrit word "samudra" meaning "ocean", and the word "sakhon" from Sanskrit "sagara" meaning "lake".
The oldest name of the area is Tha Chin, probably referring to the fact that it was a trading port where Chinese junks arrived. In 1548 the city Sakhon Buri was established, and was renamed in 1704 to Mahachai after the khlong Mahachai which was dug then and connected with the Tha Chin River near the town. It was renamed by King Mongkut to its current name, however the old name Mahachai is still sometimes used by the locals.
The provincial tree is the devil tree (Alstonia scholaris). The provincial slogan is Fishing city, factory town, agricultural ground, historic site
Samut Sakhon is a leading province for sea salt production. According to a survey in 2011, 12,572 rai of salt farms were being managed by 242 families in Samut Sakhon.
Altogether there are seven municipal (thesaban) areas within the province - Samut Sakhon is the only city (thesaban nakhon), Krathum Baen and Om Noi are the two towns (thesaban mueang), and there are further four townships (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administrated by 30 tambon administrative organizations (TAO).
- Wattanavanitvut, Phongthai (10 September 2016). "Salt industry prepares for a shake-up". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
- Samut Sakhon travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Official website (Thai only)
- Samut Sakhon provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp
||Nakhon Pathom Province|
|Samut Songkhram Province||Bight of Bangkok|