The Sambre in the centre of Namur
Country Belgium, France
Main source Picardy
199 m (653 ft)
River mouth Meuse at Namur
50°27′43″N 4°52′15″E / 50.46194°N 4.87083°E / 50.46194; 4.87083Coordinates: 50°27′43″N 4°52′15″E / 50.46194°N 4.87083°E / 50.46194; 4.87083
Progression MeuseNorth Sea
Basin size 2,740 square kilometres (1,060 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 193 km (120 mi)

The Sambre is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium. It is a left tributary of the Meuse.


The source of the Sambre is near Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache, in the Aisne department. It passes through the Franco-Belgian coal basin, formerly an important industrial district. Its Belgian portion was at the western end of the sillon industriel, which was Wallonia's industrial backbone. It is canalized along much of its length and flows into the Meuse at Namur, Belgium. The Sambre is connected with the Oise by the Sambre-Oise Canal.

The Sambre flows through the following departments of France, provinces of Belgium and towns:

Main tributaries



The 19th-century theory that the Sambre was the location of Julius Caesar's battle against a Belgic confederation (57 BC), was discarded a long time ago,[3] but is still repeated.

Heavy fighting occurred along the river during World War I, especially at the siege of Namur in 1914 (Battle of Charleroi) and in the last month of the war (Battle of the Sambre (1918)).


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 "Contrats de rivière en Wallonie - Sambre". Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "Le Ruisseau "le Piéton" - Piéton, Village du Hainaut". Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. Pierre Turquin ("La Bataille de la Selle (du Sabis) en l' An 57 avant J.-C." in Les Études Classiques 23/2 (1955), 113-156) has proved beyond reasonable doubt that the battle was fought at the River Selle, west of modern Saulzoir.
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