Sajid dynasty

Sajid dynasty
Map of the Sajid dynasty at its greatest extent
Capital Maragha
Languages Persian
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Monarchy
   889–901 Muhammad ibn Abi'l-Saj
  928–929 Abu'l-Musafir al-Fath (last)
Historical era Middle Ages
   Established 889
   Disestablished 929
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Abbasid Caliphate
Sallarid dynasty
Today part of  Armenia

The Sajid dynasty (Persian: ساجیان), was an Islamic dynasty that ruled from 889-890 until 929. Sajids ruled Azerbaijan and parts Armenia first from Maragha and Barda and then from Ardabil.[1] The Sajids originated from the Central Asian province of Ushrusana and were of Iranian (Sogdians)[2][3][4] descent. Muhammad ibn Abi'l-Saj Diwdad the son of Diwdad, the first Sajid ruler of Azerbaijan, was appointed as its ruler in 889 or 890. Muhammad's father Abi'l-Saj Devdad had fought under the Ushrusanan prince Afshin Khaydar during the latter's final campaign against the rebel Babak Khorramdin in Azerbaijan, and later served the caliphs. Toward the end of the 9th century, as the central authority of the Abbasid Caliphate weakened, Muhammad was able to form a virtually independent state. Much of the Sajids' energies were spent in attempting to take control of neighboring Armenia. The dynasty ended with the death of Abu'l-Musafir al-Fath in 929.


See also


  1. AZERBAIJAN iv. Islamic History to 1941
  2. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University, 1996. pg 147: "The Sajids were a line of caliphal governors in north-western persia, the family of a commander in the 'Abbasid service of Soghdian descent which became culturally Arabised."
  3. V. Minorsky, Studies in Caucasian history, Cambridge University Press, 1957. pg 111
  4. C. E. Bosworth, "AZERBAIJAN iv. Islamic History to 1941" in Encyclopaedia Iranica. (accessed November 2010). Quote: "In ca. 279/892 the caliph Moʿtażed appointed one of his generals, Moḥammad b. Abi’l-Sāj, an Iranian from Central Asia, as governor of Azerbaijan and Armenia, and the family of the Sajids "


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