Saintongeais dialect

For the French wine grape also known as Saintongeais, see Jurançon (grape). For another French wine grape known as Saintongeais, see Négrette.
Native to France
Region Charente, Charente-Maritime, Northern Gironde.
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog sant1407[1]

Linguistic area of Saintongeais the Charentes and the Northern part of Gironde

Saintongeais (saintonjhais) is a dialect spoken halfway down the western coast of France in the former provinces of Saintonge, Aunis and Angoumois, all of which have been incorporated into the current départements of Charente and Charente-Maritime as well as in parts of their neighbouring départements of Deux-Sèvres, Vendée and Gironde. Although many of the same words are used in both Charente départements, they differ in many respects, i.e., in what they mean or in how they are pronounced.

Saintongeais has significantly influenced the Acadian and Cajun dialects of French spoken in the United States and Canada. However, Québécois has been influenced by three dialects of langues d'oïl: Norman, Francien and Saintongeais.

Geographic distribution

Its area covers the entire department of Charente-Maritime (except the very north), the west and centre of the department of Charente, the northern department of Gironde with its Pays Gabaye and its enclaves around Saintonge, Monségur; also the Aunisien (south Vendée) and Saintongeais (south Deux-Sèvres) parts of the Marais Poitevin. Today, Saintongeais is no longer widely spoken except in the countryside. It is still used in shows, magazines, and radio. Some words from Saintongeais are still used in the region. Words like since (floorcloth) are so widespread that they can be wrongly considered to be French.

Cultural distribution

Along with French, Saintongeais is used in the magazine Xaintonge, which is published twice a year. The great promoters of spoken Charentais at the beginning of the twentieth century were "le Barde Saintongeais" Goulebenéze, succeeded by Odette Comandon, author of comedy and folk tales, patois actress and storyteller. Country doctor Athanase Jean also wrote several plays in the dialect and helped promote the Saintonge culture.

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Santongeais". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
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