Country Italy
Coordinates 40°50′29″N 8°18′21″E / 40.84139°N 8.30583°E / 40.84139; 8.30583 (SAPEI - Fiume Santo Static Inverter Plant)
41°25′47″N 12°48′25″E / 41.42972°N 12.80694°E / 41.42972; 12.80694 (SAPEI - Latina Static Inverter Plant)
From Fiume Santo
Passes through Tyrrhenian Sea
To Latina
Ownership information
Operator Terna
Construction information
Manufacturer of conductor/cable Prysmian
Manufacturer of substations ABB
Commissioned 2010
Technical information
Type submarine cables
Type of current HVDC
Total length 435 km (270 mi)
Power rating 1000 MW
AC Voltage 400 kV
DC Voltage 500 kV
Number of poles 2

SAPEI, is a high-voltage direct current power transmission system that connects Sardinia with the Italian mainland. The submarine cable from Fiume Santo to Latina runs at 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) below sea level in the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the deepest submarine power cable in the world.[1] The cable is owned and operated by Terna.


The project was launched in 2006. Scientific surveys and studies of the sea floor began soon after. The first submarine cable as also onshore cables was laid in 2008 and the first voltage tests were conducted. In 2009, the converter stations in Latina and Fiume Santo entered into operation. Laying of the second submarine cable was scheduled for the end of 2010. The submarine cable-laying activity was being carried out by the Giulio Verne, the largest cable-laying ship in the world. The cable was inaugurated on 17 March 2011.[2]


The system consists of a 420 kilometres (260 mi) long submarine cable and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) land cables. It has two poles, having a total capacity of 1,000 megawatt at 500 kV of voltage. The diameter of the submarine cable is 120 millimetres (4.7 in). It is connected to the alternating current grids through converter stations in Fiume Santo and Latina at 400 kV of voltage.[3] The substation in Latina extends over a surface area of 35,000 square metres (380,000 sq ft), the one in Fiume Santo of 48,000 square metres (520,000 sq ft). The cable was manufactured by Prysmian and converter stations were manufactured by ABB.[3][4] The project cost over €730 million.

See also


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