Rupert II, Elector Palatine

Rupert II, Elector Palatine

Rupert with his wife Beatrice
Spouse(s) Beatrix of Sicily
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Father Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine
Mother Irmengard of Oettingen
Born (1325-05-12)12 May 1325
Died 6 January 1398(1398-01-06) (aged 72)
Buried Cistercian monastery in Heidelberg

Rupert II, Count Palatine of the Rhine (German: Ruprecht II., der Harte (der Ernste)) (12 May 1325, Amberg 6 January 1398, Amberg). He was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1390–1398.

He was the elder son of Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Countess Irmengard of Oettingen. On 13 February 1338 the Palatinate was divided between Rupert II and his uncle Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria. After the death of his other uncle, the Elector Rupert I (who had succeeded Rudolf II), on 16 February 1390 he was proclaimed Elector Palatine with the consent of Wenceslaus, King of the Romans. In 1391 he banished Jews and prostitutes from the Palatinate, confiscated their property, and bequeathed it to the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg. In 1395 he promulgated the so-called Rupertinische Konstitution which was intended to provide for unity of the Palatinate. Among other provisions, he incorporated to his realm the former Imperial Free City Neckargemünd.

He was buried in Schönau Abbey a Cistercian monastery in Heidelberg.

Family and children

He was married in 1345 to Beatrix of Sicily and Aragon, daughter of King Peter II of Sicily. They had the following children:

  1. Anna (1346 30 November 1415), married in 1363 to William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg.
  2. Friedrich (1347 ca. 1395).
  3. Johann (1349 ca. 1395).
  4. Mechthild (b. 1350), married to Landgrave Sigost of Leuchtenberg.
  5. Elisabeth (ca. 1351 1360).
  6. King Rupert of Germany (1352 1410).
  7. Adolf (1355 1 May 1358).
Rupert II, Elector Palatine
Born: 12 May 1325 Died: 6 January 1398
German royalty
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rupert I
Elector Palatine
Succeeded by
Rupert III
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