Round barrow

Schematic plans and sections of various types of round barrow

A round barrow is a type of tumulus and is one of the most common types of archaeological monuments. Although concentrated in Europe, they are found in many parts of the world, probably because of their simple construction and universal purpose.


At its simplest, a round barrow is a hemispherical mound of earth and/or stone raised over a burial placed in the middle. Beyond this there are numerous variations which may employ surrounding ditches, stone kerbs or flat berms between ditch and mound. Construction methods range from a single creation process of heaped material to a complex depositional sequence involving alternating layers of stone, soil and turf with timbers or wattle used to help hold the structure together.

The central burial may be placed a stone chamber or cist or in a cut grave. Both intact inhumations and cremations placed in vessels can be found.

Many round barrows attract surrounding satellite burials or later ones inserted into the mound itself. In some cases these occur hundreds or even thousands of years after the original barrow was built and were placed by entirely different cultures.

Numerous subtypes include the bell barrow, bowl barrow, saucer barrow and disc barrow.




Denmark has many tumuli, including round barrows. The round barrows here, was built over a very broad span of time and culture, from the Neolithic Stone Age to the Viking Age and shows a large variation of construction design, while sharing a common exterior look.[1] Tumulis was protected by law in 1937.

British Isles

In the British Isles, round barrows generally date to the Early Bronze Age although Neolithic examples are also known. Later round barrows were also sometimes used by Roman, Viking and Saxon societies. Examples include Rillaton barrow and Round Loaf. Where several contemporary round barrows are grouped together, the area is referred to as a barrow cemetery.

United Kingdom

Round barrows on the chalk ridge of Bronkam Hill in Dorset, U.K. There are numerous round barrows along the south Dorset Ridgeway, including some well-preserved examples of the different sub-types.

See also


  1. Dictionary: [[wordid]=22&cHash=65564909f9161984ae88b14ab8671e3e Rundhøj] Alt om Fortidsminder (Denmarks' Cultural Heritage agency) (Danish)

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 1/18/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.