Rosen Valley dialect

The Rosen Valley dialect (Slovene: rožansko narečje,[1] rožanščina[2]) is a Slovene dialect in the Carinthian dialect group. It is spoken in the Rosen Valley[Note 1] (German: Rosental, Slovene: Rož) of Austria, west of a line from Villach to Faak am See and east of a line from Sittersdorf and Lake Klopein to Brückl, excluding the Ebriach dialect area to the southeast. Settlements in the dialect area include Wernberg, Köstenberg, Velden am Wörthersee, Ludmannsdorf, Köttmannsdorf, Viktring, Grafenstein, Tainach, and Rosegg (all north of the Drava River), and Sankt Jakob im Rosental, Feistritz im Rosental, Windisch Bleiberg, Ferlach, Zell, and Gallizien (south of the Drava River).[6]

Phonological and morphological characteristics

The Rosen Valley dialect has pitch accent and is distinguished by the preservation of the accent on short syllables following short e and o. The dialect has diphthongs of the type < long jat and < long o, akanye of e, and development of velar k, g > uvular q, χ, and palatalization of k, g, h > č, ž, š before front vowels. The dialect lacks standard the Slovene morphophonemic alternation between [l] and [w]; for example, [piu̯], [piu̯a] instead of [piu̯], [pila] 'drank' (masc., fem.), a phenomenon known as švapanje in Slovene.[6]


  1. Unlike the Gail Valley, the Rosen Valley is not named after a river, but after the defunct microtoponym Rasa.[3] The German name can be found deconstructed as Rosen Valley in English in various works.[4][5]


  1. Smole, Vera. 1998. "Slovenska narečja." Enciklopedija Slovenije vol. 12, pp. 1–5. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, p. 2.
  2. Logar, Tine. 1996. Dialektološke in jezikovnozgodovinske razprave. Ljubljana: SAZU, p. 20.
  3. Kranzmayer, Eberhard. 1958. Ortsnamenbuch von Kärnten, II. Teil, Alphabetisches Kärntner Siedlungsnamenbuch. Klagenfurt: R. Vouk, p. 180.
  4. Rosenberg, Arthur. 1952. Austria: Travel Guide. Paris: Nagel, p. 148.
  5. Wiesenger, Peter. 1990. "The Central and Southern Bavarian Dialects in Bavaria and Austria." In: Russ, Charles V. J. (ed.). The Dialects of Modern German: A Linguistic Survey, pp. 438–519. Bristol: Leaper & Gard, p. 439.
  6. 1 2 Toporišič, Jože. 1992. Enciklopedija slovenskega jezika. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, p. 260.

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