Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Trondheim
|Territorial Prelature of Trondheim|
Praelatura Territorialis Trudensis
Trondheim Stift – Midt-Norge
Saint Olaf Church, Trondheim
|Ecclesiastical province||Immediately Subject to the Holy See|
|Metropolitan||Trondheim, Trondheim Region, Sør-Trøndelag|
|Area||56,458 km2 (21,799 sq mi)|
(as of 2013)|
|Apostolic Administrator||Bernt Ivar Eidsvig|
|Emeritus Bishops||Georg Müller|
Trondheim, Norway is the seat of the Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Trondheim, which before March 1979 was the Apostolic Vicariate of Central Norway. The prelature leadership is currently vacant following the resignation of Bishop Georg Müller in 2009 and is being administered by Bernt Eidsvig, Bishop of Oslo. The prelature includes parishes in Trondheim, Kristiansund, Levanger, Molde, and Ålesund.
After the Norwegian Reformation drove the Catholic archbishop out of the archdiocese of Nidaros (Trondheim) in 1537, there were no indications of organized Catholic practice there until 1844, when five residents asked the priest in Oslo to visit them, apparently to help one of their children prepare for First Holy Communion. Trondheim then formed part of the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden, before the new Apostolic Prefecture of Norway took over in 1869 (upgraded to Apostolic Vicariate of Norway in 1892).
In 1872, a Catholic parish was established in Trondheim, with French-born Claude Dumahut as the pastor. In 1875, the church bought property at Stiklestad in the hopes of building a chapel there to commemorate the martyrdom of St. Olav at the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030. Though the parish was founded, and continues to be led by clergy from the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, several monastic orders, among them Salesians, Sisters of St. Joseph, Order of St. Elisabeth, tried with mixed success to establish themselves in the area. A seminary was established in 1880, graduating a small group of priests 1885 that made the first pilgrimage to Stiklestad in hundreds of years.
Additional parishes were founded in Trondheim (Sacred Heart in 1881, and St. Olav in 1902; later merged as St. Olav), Molde (1923), and in 1930 the chapel at Stiklestad was complete in time for the 900th anniversary of the battle there. On 10 April 1931 the Apostolic Vicariate of Norway was divided into three Catholic jurisdictions, one for southern Norway (called Apostolic Vicariate of Oslo, 1931–1953; Diocese of Oslo since, when the first Catholic bishop was consecrated in Norway since the Reformation) and another for Norway north of the polar circle (called Missionary District of Northern Norway, 1931–1944; Apostolic Prefecture of Northern Norway, 1944–1955; Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Norway, 1955–1979; Prelature of Tromsø since). The third Catholic jurisdiction, the one for central Norway (called Missionary District of Central Norway, 1931–1935; Apostolic Prefecture of Central Norway, 1935–1953; Apostolic Vicariate of Central Norway, 1953–1979), became the Prelature of Trondheim in 1979.
During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, the mostly German-born clergy in the area took part in the Norwegian resistance movement; one of them, Antonius Deutsch, was subsequently decorated by king Haakon VII.
In 1989, Pope John Paul II visited Trondheim and held an ecumenical service in the Nidaros Cathedral and a Catholic mass at a nearby sports facility. In 1993, the Church of Norway authorized a full Catholic mass to be held in the Nidaros Cathedral, for the first time since the Reformation.
Under the apostolic vicariate in Sweden (until 1868)
- 1843–1868 - Laurentius J. Studach (resident in Sweden)
The apostolic prefecture in Norway (1869-1892)
The apostolic vicariate in Norway (1892-1931)
- 1892–1922 - Johannes Olaf Fallize
- 1922–1928 - Johannes Olav Smit
- 1928–1930 - Olav Offerdahl
- 1930–1931 - Henrik Irgens (apostolic administrator)
The missionary district of Central Norway (1931-1935)
- 1931–1932 - Henrik Irgens (apostilic administrator)
- 1932–1935 - Cyprian Witte SS.CC.
The apostolic prefecture Central Norway
- 1935–1945 - Cyprian Witte SS.CC.
- 1945–1953 - Antonius Deutsch SS.CC.
The apostolic vicariate Central Norway
- 1953–1974 - Johannes Rüth SS.CC.
- 1974–1979 - Gerhard Schwenzer SS.CC.
- 1979–1983 - Gerhard Schwenzer SS.CC.
- 1983–1988 - Gerhard Schwenzer, administrator sede vacante
- 1988–1997 - Georg Müller SS.CC., administrator sede vacante
- 1997–2009 - Georg Müller SS.CC.
- 2009–present - Bernt Ivar Eidsvig C.R.S.A., administrator sede vacante
- Roman Catholic Church in Norway
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo
- Roman Catholic Territorial Prelature of Tromsø
- Territorial Prelature of Trondheim at catholic-hierarchy.org. Sourced from Annuario Pontificio 2005. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
- "Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Norway". Catholic Church, Norway. 2000-07-19. Retrieved 2006-12-28.