Roman Catholic Diocese of Iași

Diocese of Iaşi
Dioecesis Iasensis
Episcopia de Iaşi

Country Romania
Ecclesiastical province Bucharest
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Bucharest
Area 46,378 km2 (17,907 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
234,211 (5.5%)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 27 June 1884
Cathedral Our Lady Queen of Iași Cathedral, Iaşi
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Petru Gherghel
Metropolitan Archbishop Ioan Robu
Auxiliary Bishops Aurel Percă
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Iaşi (or Jászvásár in Magyar) is a Latin Rite suffragan of the Metropolitan Bucharest Archdiocese, in Romanian Moldavia.

Its bishop since 1990 has been Petru Gherghel, previously Apostolic Administrator since 1978. Auxiliary Bishop since 1999 is Aurel Percă, Titular Bishop of Mauriana.


It was established in 1818 as Apostolic Vicariate 'pre-diocesan misisionary jurisdiction; exempt, i.e. directly subject to the Holy See, not part of an ecclesiastical province) of Moldavia, on territory split off from the suppressed Diocese of Bacău, which had been set up at Siret by Pope Urban V in 1370, due to work done by Franciscans and Dominicans; its seat was transferred to Bacău at the beginning of the 15th century. Abandoned in 1497 due to Muslim persecutions, the See of Bacău was re-established in 1611, and had a succession of twenty prelates until 1789, when it was suppressed. The Catholics of Moldavia were then placed under the spiritual direction of Apostolic prefects, generally chosen from the Conventuals in charge of the mission.

The Apostolic Vicariate of Moldavia was promoted on 27 June 1884 by Pope Leo XIII to a diocese in Romanian Moldavia, with Iaşi as residence. In 1921 it gained territory from the Diocese of Tiraspol. On 5 June 1930 it gained territory from the Ukrainian Metropolitan Archdiocese of Lviv.

On 28 October 1993, it lost territory to establish the Apostolic Administration of Moldova (now the diocese of Chișinău).

Special churches

Its Cathedral see is the Our Lady Queen of Iași Cathedral, in Iaşi, where it also has the former cathedral: the Assumption of Mary Church.

Other former cathedrals are the Biserica de vizitarea Maicii Domnului, in Bacău, and the ruined Biserica de Maicii Domnului, in Baia.

A Minor Basilica is the Bazilica Minora Sanctuarul de la Cacica, in Cacica.

Extent and population

The diocese covers the Romanian region of Moldaviathe counties of Suceava, Botoşani, Neamţ, Iaşi, Bacău, Vaslui, Vrancea and Galaţi.

5.2% of the inhabitants are Roman Catholic, with concentrations around Bacău and Roman. Its adherents are predominantly ethnic Romanians, with small Csángó and Polish communities.


(all Roman Rite)

Apostolic Vicars of Moldavia

(all missionary members of the Latin congregation of Conventual Friars Minor, O.F.M. Conv.)

Suffragan Bishops of Iaşi

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

Coordinates: 47°09′37″N 27°35′00″E / 47.1604°N 27.5832°E / 47.1604; 27.5832

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/17/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.