Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cardiff
|Archdiocese of Cardiff|
Coat of arms of the Archdiocese of Cardiff
|Territory||Historic counties of Hereford, Monmouth and eastern Glamorgan|
|Coordinates||51°36′00″N 2°56′46″W / 51.600°N 2.946°WCoordinates: 51°36′00″N 2°56′46″W / 51.600°N 2.946°W|
|Area||3,064 km2 (1,183 sq mi)|
(as of 2013)|
(As Diocese of Newport and Menevia)
(Elevated to Archdiocese of Cardiff)
|Cathedral||St David's Cathedral, Cardiff|
|Vicar General||Josepn Boardman|
|Episcopal Vicars||Chris Fuse|
The Archdiocese of Cardiff, shown in green,
within the Province of Cardiff
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cardiff (Latin: Archidioecesis Cardiffensis; Welsh: Archesgobaeth Caerdydd) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church which covers the south-east portion of Wales and the county of Herefordshire in England. The Metropolitan Province of Cardiff Wales and Herefordshire therefore covers all of Wales and part of England. Cardiff's suffragan dioceses are the Diocese of Menevia and the Diocese of Wrexham.
The origin of the modern diocese can be traced to 1840 when the Apostolic Vicariate of the Welsh District was created out the Western District of England and Wales. The Welsh District consisted the whole of Wales and the county of Herefordshire. When Pope Pius IX judged that the time was right to re-establish the Catholic hierarchy in Wales and England in 1850. The southern half of the Welsh District became the Diocese of Newport and Menevia and was a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Birmingham. It had its pro-cathedral at Belmont Abbey. In 1895, boundaries were redrawn, and the territory covering Glamorgan, Monmouthshire and Herefordshire was named the Diocese of Newport. Finally, in 1916, without further adjustment of boundaries, the territory was raised to the status of an archdiocese, and given the title Archdiocese of Cardiff. The Episcopal Seat is now located in Cardiff, at St David's Cathedral.
As all of the Roman Catholic diocese in Wales are part of the ecclesiastical province of Cardiff the history of the archdiocese and its suffragan dioceses are intertwined:
- 29 September 1850: Universalis Ecclesiae: The Roman Catholic Church in Wales is split between the Diocese of Shrewsbury in the north and the Diocese of Newport and Menevia in the south.
- 1852: Francis Richard Wegg-Prosser, a landowner in Hereford, converts to Catholicism.
- 15 February 1854: Wegg-Prosser sets about building a church and the foundation stone is laid on his Belmont estate.
- 1857: Construction of the Belmont monastic buildings starts.
- 21 November 1859: Most of it is built and it becomes a Benedictine priory. The abbey continues to be enlarged (chancel extended in 1865).
- 4 September 1860: The cathedral priory is consecrated.
- 4 July 1895: The Diocese of Newport and Menevia splits. Glamorgan, Monmouth and Herefordshire become the Diocese of Newport. The rest of Wales, including North Wales from the Diocese of Shrewsbury, becomes the Vicariate of Wales.
- 12 May 1898: The Vicariate of Wales become the Diocese of Menevia with its pro-cathedral in Wrexham.
- 7 February 1916: The Diocese of Newport becomes the Archdiocese of Cardiff and it is decided that St David's church in Cardiff would become the cathedral.
- 12 March 1920: St David's Cathedral, Cardiff is officially made the metropolitan cathedral.
- 12 February 1987: The Diocese of Menevia is split. The north becomes the Diocese of Wrexham with its cathedral remaining in Wrexham. The south remains the Diocese of Menevia and sets up Swansea Cathedral.
The current ecclesiastical territory of the diocese comprises the local government areas of Cardiff, Bridgend, Vale of Glamorgan, Newport, Torfaen, Blaenau Gwent, Monmouthshire, Merthyr Tydfil, Rhondda Cynon Taff and Herefordshire. Altogether there are 61 parishes. On 19 April 2011, George Stack was appointed to succeed Peter Smith, who was translated to Southwark in 2010. He was installed as Archbishop on 20 June 2011.
- Vicars Apostolic of the Welsh District
- Thomas Joseph Brown, O.S.B. (Appointed on 5 June 1840 – Became Bishop of Newport and Menevia on 29 September 1850)
- Bishops of Newport and Menevia
- Thomas Joseph Brown, O.S.B. (Appointed on 29 September 1850– Died on 12 April 1880)
- John Cuthbert Hedley, O.S.B. (Appointed on 18 February 1881 (from 1895, Bishop of Newport only) – Died on 11 November 1915)
- Archbishops of Cardiff
- James Romanus Bilsborrow, O.S.B. (Appointed on 7 February 1916 – Resigned on 16 December 1920)
- Francis Edward Joseph Mostyn (Appointed on 7 March 1921 – Died on 25 October 1939)
- Michael Joseph McGrath (Appointed on 20 June 1940 – Died on 28 February 1961)
- John Aloysius Murphy (Appointed on 22 August 1961 – Retired on 25 March 1983)
- John Aloysius Ward, O.F.M. Cap. (Appointed on 25 March 1983 – Resigned on 26 October 2001)
- Peter David Smith (Appointed on 26 October 2001 – Translated to Southwark on 30 April 2010)
- George Stack (Appointed on 19 April 2011 – Present)
There are a total of six deaneries in the Archdiocese of Cardiff, each of which cover several churches in that area, overseen by a dean.
- Bridgend Deanery
- Cardiff Deanery
- Hereford Deanery
- Newport Deanery
- North Gwent Deanery
- Pontypridd Deanery
- Catholic Province of Cardiff Wales and Herefordshire - Directory and Yearbook 2011 published December 2010 by authority of the Bishops of Wales - see page 8.
- Obituary from The Tablet retrieved 5 April 2014
- English Heritage retrieved 5 April 2014
- History from Belmont Abbey, Herefordshire retrieved 5 April 2014
- History from Cardiff Cathedral retrieved 5 April 2014
- Deaneries from RCADC.co.uk, retrieved 25 March 2015
- Archdiocese of Cardiff website
- Cardiff Metropolitan Cathedral
- Wales and the Marches Catholic History Society
- Cardiff Catholic Archives
- Catholic Hierarchy