Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro
|Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro|
Arkidyosesis sa Cagayan de Oro
Saint Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral, Seat of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro
|Territory||Cagayan de Oro City, Provinces of Camiguin, Bukidnon, and Misamis Oriental,and the entire CARAGA Region.|
|Ecclesiastical province||Cagayan de Oro|
|Deaneries||City-East, City-West, Gingoog, Balingasag, Initao, and Camiguin|
|Area||3,799 km2 (1,467 sq mi)|
(as of 2013)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
January 20, 1933 (as diocese)|
June 29, 1951 (as archdiocese)
|Cathedral||Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint Augustine|
|Patron saint||St. Augustine of Hippo|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Antonio Ledesma|
|Emeritus Bishops||Jesus Tuquib Archbishop Emeritus (1988-2006)|
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
The Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro (Latin: Archidioecesis Cagayanus) is an Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. It is a metropolitan see on the island of Mindanao which comprises the civil Provinces of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon, Camiguin, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, and the Dinagat Islands. Today, it is headed by Archbishop Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J and its seat is located at Saint Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral in Cagayan de Oro City.
During the Spanish era there was only the Province of Misamis which included the present Provinces of Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental, and was handled by the civil government from Cebu. The Recollect Missionaries came down from Cebu and started a mission in the province. Civil government of its own started only in 1901. And because one part of it was separated from the main by Iligan Bay, the government decided to divide the province into two. Misamis Oriental is the bigger portion. Today the Diocesan Cathedral is one of the 12 Cathedrals that was founded by the Order of Augustinian Recollects in the Philippines.
Before 1865, the whole of Mindanao island and Sulu were part of the Diocese of Cebu. In 1865 the western half of Mindanao came under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Jaro in Panay. Then Pope Leo XIII established the Diocese of Zamboanga, separating it from Jaro and making it the first diocese in Mindanao. But it was Pope Pius X who executed this in 1910. Thus from 1910 Cagayan de Oro City became part of the Diocese of Zamboanga.
On January 20, 1933, Pope Pius XI created a second diocese in Mindanao, that of Cagayan de Oro City, separating it from Zamboanga City and giving it jurisdiction over the then Provinces of Surigao, Misamis Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Bukidnon and part of the Province of Lanao. Together with Zamboanga it became a suffragan of the new Ecclesiastical Province of Cebu.
In 1939 the Diocese of Cagayan de Oro was divided again with the creation of the Diocese of Surigao comprising the Provinces of Surigao and Agusan; and in 1951 was divided again with the creation of the Diocese of Ozamiz comprising the Provinces of Lanao and Misamis Occidental.
On June 29, 1951, Pope Pius XI elevated Cagayan de Oro City to an archdiocese, coinciding with that of Jaro. The Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro became the first archdiocese in Mindanao, thereby separating Mindanao from the Ecclesiastical Province of Cebu. It had as its suffragans all the dioceses and prelatures then in Mindanao island: Surigao, Cotabato, Sulu, Davao, Ozamiz, and Zamboanga which had been its mother diocese. It became an archdiocese seven years ahead of its mother diocese.
Later, the Apostolic Prefecture of Sulu, the Prelature Nullius of Marbel, the Prelature Nullius of Tagum, the Diocese of Butuan, the Prelature Nullius of Malaybalay, the Prelature Nullius of Iligan and the Diocese of Tandag became suffragans of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro.
Eventually four other archdioceses were established in Mindanao island: Zamboanga in 1958, Davao in 1970, Cotabato in 1979 and Ozamiz in 1983. Thus there are at present five ecclesiastical provinces in Mindanao.
The first bishop and archbishop of Cagayan de Oro was the James Hayes, S.J., D.D., who established the Ateneo de Cagayan (now known as Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan) and among others. He was succeeded by Patrick Cronin, S.S.C., D.D. in 1971. Bishop Cronin established the St. John Vianney Theological Seminary. The third bishop was Jesus B. Tuquib, D.D., S.T.D., who was installed as Archbishop with right of succession on May 31, 1984, and became the Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro on January 5, 1988. Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J., D.D. was installed as Archbishop on March 4, 2006.
There are 46 diocesan priests manning the 46 parishes within the jurisdiction of the archdiocese, helped by 2 Jesuit and 5 Columban priests. Six others are doing non-parochial work and 3 others are in retirement. The rest of the Jesuits are in Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan or in the major seminary, and the rest of the Columbans, apart from the 5 involved in parish work, are in their procure house doing various apostolates such as hospital work and other activities. There are 18 religious institutes of women, one of which is a contemplative institute, the Carmelite nuns.
The archdiocese has its own diocesan college seminary, the San Jose de Mindanao Seminary that opened in 1955. It was constructed by Archbishop Hayes, was first administered by the Jesuits, then by Columban priests, and now by the diocesan clergy.
Also, within the archdiocese is a theology seminary - the St. John Vianney Theological Seminary, which is mainly for seminarians of the Ecclesiastical Metro Cagayan de Oro. This was started by Archbishop Cronin and finished by Archbishop Tuquib. It opened in 1985.
|Archbishop||Period in Office|
|1.||James Hayes, S.J.||1933-1970|
|2.||Patrick Cronin, S.S.C.||1970-1988|
|4.||Antonio Ledesma S.J.||2006–present|
Parishes and chaplaincies
The Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro covers the province of Misamis Oriental, the island-province of Camiguin, and the municipality of Malitbog in the province of Bukidnon. At present, the archdiocese is made up of 45 parishes and 8 chaplaincies, i.e., communities on the way of becoming full-pledged parishes (40 parishes and 8 chaplaincies in Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon and 5 parishes in Camiguin).
The Chinese Catholics especially in the city proper also have their own parish, the San Lorenzo Ruiz Catholic Community.
|Saint Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral||Fernandez Street, Cagayan de Oro||1822||San Agustin||Aug 28||City-East District|
|San Antonio de Padua Parish||12th Street Nazareth, Cagayan de Oro||1960||San Antonio de Padua||Jun 13||City-East District|
|Jesus Nazareno Parish||C.M. Recto Avenue, Cagayan de Oro||1960||Jesus Nazareno|| Jan
|Santo Niño de Oro Parish||Limketkai Drive, Cogon, Cagayan de Oro||1980||Santo Niño|| Jan
|Our Lady of Fatima Parish||Macajalar, Camaman-an, Cagayan de Oro||1985||Our Lady of Fatima||May 13||City-East District|
|San Isidro Labrador Parish||Amethyst Street, Gusa, Cagayan de Oro||1976||San Isidro Labrador||May 15||City-East District|
|Holy Rosary Parish||Brgy. Agusan, Cagayan de Oro||1957||Our Lady of the Holy Rosary|| Oct
|Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish||Bugo, Cagayan de Oro||1983||Sacred Heart|| May
| San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish
|Mega Heights, Gusa, Cagayan de Oro||—||—||—||City-East District|
|Immaculate Conception Parish||Aluba Village, Mandumol, Macasandig, Cagayan de Oro||1985||Immaculate Conception||Dec 8||City-East District|
|San Pedro Chaplaincy||Macabalan, Cagayan de Oro||1995||Chair of Saint Peter||Feb 22||City-East District|
|San Nicolas de Tolentino Chaplaincy||Barangay Puntod, Cagayan de Oro||10 Sep 2008||San Nicolas||Feb 22||City-East District|
|San Vicente Ferrer Chaplaincy||Cugman, Cagayan de Oro||1995||San Vicente Ferrer||Apr 5||City-East District|
|Nuestra Señora del Rosario Parish||Consolacion Street, Cagayan de Oro||2008||Birhen del Rosario|| Oct
|Sr. Jesus Nazareno Chaplaincy||Dansolihon, Cagayan de Oro||25 Feb 2007||Sr. Jesus Nazareno||Jan 9||City-West District|
|Saint Francis Xavier Chaplaincy||Pueblo de Oro, Cagayan de Oro||—||Saint Francis Xavier||Dec 3||City-West District|
|Santo Niño Sub-Parish||Xavier Heights, Cagayan de Oro||—||Santo Niño|| Jan
|Miraculous Medal Parish||Lumbia, Cagayan de Oro||1982||Our Lady of Miraculous Medal||Nov 27||City-West District|
|San Miguel Arkanghel Sub-Parish||Taglimao, Cagayan de Oro||—||San Miguel Arkanghel||Sep 29||City-West District|
|Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish||Carmen, Cagayan de Oro||Sep 1963||Our Lady of Mount Carmel||Jul 16||City-West District|
|San Isidro Labrador Parish||Eco-Church, Kauswagan, Cagayan de Oro||1978||San Isidro Labrador||Jul 16||City-West District|
|Immaculate Conception Parish||National Highway, Bulua, Cagayan de Oro||3 May 1933||Immaculate Conception||Dec 8||City-West District|
|San Guillermo Parish||Iponan, Cagayan de Oro||2001||San Guillermo||Feb 10||City-West District|
|Santa Cruz Chaplaincy||P.N. Roa Subd., Calaanan-Canitoan, Cagayan de Oro||2001||Santa Cruz|| May
|Sacred Heart Chaplaincy||Canitoan, Cagayan de Oro||2002||Sacred Heart of Jesus|| Feb
|Holy Cross Chaplaincy||Balulang, Cagayan de Oro||2001||Holy Cross||Sep 14||City-West District|
|Santuario Eucaristico - Sacred Heart Parish||R.N. Pelaez Boulevard, Kauswagan, Cagayan de Oro||2005||Corpus Christi||Friday after Sacred Heart of Jesus||City-West District|
|San Roque Parish||Magsaysay||1948||San Roque||Aug 16||Gingoog District|
|Sacred Heart Parish||Anakan, Gingoog||1955||Sacred Heart of Jesus||Jun 11||Gingoog District|
|Santa Rita de Cascia Parish||Gingoog||1896||Santa Rita de Cascia||May 22||Gingoog District|
|San Isidro Labrador Parish||Medina||1948||San Isidro Labrador||May 15||Gingoog District|
|Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish||Talisayan||1889||Our Lady of Mount Carmel||Jul 16||Gingoog District|
|Saint Alphonsus Rodriguez Parish||Balingoan||1952||Saint Alphonsus Rodriguez||May 29||Gingoog District|
|Holy Child Parish||Balingoan||1888||Santo Niño|| Jan
|Saint Peter Parish||Sugbongcogon||1967||San Pedro||Jun 29||Gingoog District|
|Santa Maria de La Candelaria Parish||Tagoloan||1944||Santa Maria de la Candelaria||Feb 2||Balingasag District|
|Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Parish||Villanueva||1963||Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe||Dec 12||Balingasag District|
|Our Lady of Lourdes Parish||Claveria||1950||Our Lady of Lourdes||Feb 11||Balingasag District|
|Immaculate Conception Parish||Jasaan||1744||Immaculate Conception||Dec 8||Balingasag District|
|Mount Carmel Parish||Bobontugan, Jasaan||1961||Our Lady of Mount Carmel||Jul 16||Balingasag District|
|Santa Rita Parish||Balingasag||1744||Santa Rita||May 22||Balingasag District|
|Mother of Perpetual Help Parish||Baliwagan, Balingasag||1969||Mother of Perpetual Help||Jun 27||Balingasag District|
|Saint John the Baptist Parish||Lagonglong||1951||Saint John the Baptist||Jun 24||Balingasag District|
|Saint Joseph Parish||Salay||1942||Saint Joseph||May 1||Balingasag District|
|Our Lady of Lourdes Parish||Binuangan||1963||Our Lady of Lourdes||Feb 11||Balingasag District|
|San Pablo Apostol Parish||Malitbog||1881||San Pablo Apostol||Jan 25||Balingasag District|
|Our Lady of Peace Parish||Lugait||1949||Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage||Jan 24||Initao District|
|San Antonio Parish||Manticao||1952||San Antonio de Padua||Jun 13||Initao District|
|San Isidro Labrador Parish||Naawan||1952||San Isidro Labrador||May 15||Initao District|
|Saint Francis Xavier Parish||Initao||1940||Saint Francis Xavier||Dec 3||Initao District|
|San Vicente Ferrer Parish||Libertad||1957||San Vicente Ferrer||Apr 5||Initao District|
|Santo Niño Parish||Gitagum||1955||Santo Niño|| Jan
|Santa Cruz Parish||Laguindingan||1977||Santa Cruz||Sep 14||Initao District|
|Holy Cross Parish||Alubijid||1751||Holy Cross||May 3||Initao District|
|Our Lady of the Snows Parish||El Salvador||1751||Our Lady of Snows||Aug 16||Initao District|
|Our Lady of Consolation Parish||Opol||1751||Our Lady of Consolation|| Sep
|Mother of Perpetual Help Sub-Parish||Barra, Opol||—||—||—||Initao District|
|San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish||Mambajao||1916||San Nicolas de Tolentino||Sep 10||Camiguin District|
|Saint Michael Parish||Mahinog||1870||Saint Michael||May 8||Camiguin District|
|Our Lady of Consolation Parish||Guinsiliban||1749||Our Lady of Consolation||Sep 2||Camiguin District|
|Our Lady of the Holy Rosary Parish||Sagay||1749||Our Lady of Holy Rosary||Oct 7||Camiguin District|
|San Roque Parish||Catarman||1623||San Roque||Aug 16||Camiguin District|
Priests in the Archdiocese: Diocesan and religious
As of 2013 there were 88 diocesan priests incardinated to the archdiocese. Most of them are in the parishes but there are also others without a parish, either in the seminary or carrying out diocesan or apostolate tasks. Some are outside the archdiocese either on study-leave, on mission, working in other dioceses, or on leave from the ministry, and some are retired.
Most of the diocesan priests have become members of a society of diocesan priests founded by Bishop Teofilo Camomot: the Society of St. John Vianney (SSJV). Some religious priests who are now taking care of 3 parishes help the priests in the parishes.
As of 2013 there were 9 male religious congregations in the Archdiocese:
- Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament (SSS)
- Congregation of the Sacred Stigmata of Our Lord Jesus Christ (CSS)
- Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate (FFI)
- Missionary Society of St. Columban (SSC)
- Mission Society of the Philippines (MSP)
- Poor Servants of Divine Providence (PSDP)
- Priests of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (SCJ)
- Society of Jesus (SJ)
- Society of Saint Paul (SSP)
Institute of Consecrates Life For Women
As of 2013 there were in the archdiocese, one institute of contemplative life (Carmelite nuns), and 17 religious institutes of active life:
- Angelic Sisters of St. Paul (ASSP)
- Augustinian Sisters of Our Lady (OSA)
- Canossian Daughters of Charity (FDCC)
- Carmelite Missionaries (CM)
- Order of the Company of Mary Our Lady (ODN)
- Daughters of St. Paul (FSP)
- Franciscan Missionaries of Mary (FMM)
- Hijas de Jesus (FI)
- Missionary Congregation of Mary (MCM)
- Order of the Discalced Carmelite (OCD)
- Our Lady’s Missionaries (OLM)
- Religious of the Assumption (RA)
- Religious of the Good Shepherd (RGS)
- Religious Sisters of Mercy (RSM)
- Religious of the Virgin Mary (RVM)
- Siervas de Nuestra Señora dela Paz (SNSP)
- Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres (SPC)
- Ursuline Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (UMSH)
These are the groups of women on the way of becoming religious institutes of diocesan right:
- Missionary Sisters of the Holy Family (MSHF)
- Theresian Missionary of Mary (TMM)
- Sisters of Social Apostolate (SSA)
The MSHF and the TMM are outgrowths of the original group founded by Archbishop Camomot and brought by him to Cagayan de Oro City: the Daughters of St. Teresa or DST, which later moved to Cebu. The Franciscan Missionaries of Mary or FMM used to have a house here. And there is one lay association, the Teresiana.
The religious sisters are in various fields of apostolate (like running or administering schools, campus ministry, parish work, catechetics, family life, hospital work, running orphanages, taking care of young ladies, and others).
There are two seminaries in the Archdiocese: a college seminary and a theology seminary.
The college seminary, named, San Jose de Mindanao Seminary, is mainly for the seminarians of the Archdiocese, although it continues to receive seminarians from other ecclesiastical jurisdictions. It has a pre-college year and four years of college. The seminarians used to study within the seminary but due to lack of personnel and other reasons, they now take their courses in Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, which is owned and run by the Jesuit Fathers. This college seminary was founded by Archbishop Hayes and opened in 1956.
St. John Vianney Theological Seminary caters mainly to the seminarians of the Ecclesiastical Metro Cagayan de Oro, although it also accepts seminarians from other ecclesiastical jurisdictions. It has a Spiritual Pastoral Formation Year and four years of Theology. In consortium with Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, it now offers a master's degree in Pastoral Theology. It is run mainly by the Jesuit Fathers though there are now many diocesan priests teaching in the seminary. The construction of the seminary was begun by Archbishop Cronin and finished by Archbishop Tuquib.
The Archdiocese's seminaries have to refuse entry to many applicants due to lack of space.
While older priests are products of either the UST Central Seminary (Manila), San Jose Seminary (Manila), San Carlos Seminary (Makati), or REMASE (Davao), most of the younger clergy were educated at St. John Vianney Theological Seminary.
Lay religious organizations, movements, and covenant communities
While the archdiocese has many and varied traditional lay organizations, such as the Knights of Columbus, Catholic Women's League, Legion of Mary, Apostleship of Prayer, Cursillos de Cristiandad, and many others, it also has many lay groups and what they call now the covenant communities. Thus, they have, for example, the Christian Family Movement, the Charismatic Movement (in all its many expressions and forms), the Neocatechumenal Way, the many so-called covenant communities, like the Couples for Christ and its many outreaches to widows and children, the Kahayag sa Dios (also with its many outreaches), the World Apostolate of Fatima—A Public International Association of the Faithful of Pontifical Right—Cagayan de Oro Archdiocesan Division where one of its apostolic work is the formation of the Block Rosary Apostolate for Community Evangelization. The mission of the World Apostolate of Fatima is the "New Evangelization" advocated by Pope John Paul II, through the promotion of the Message of Fatima.
University, colleges and schools
There is one Catholic university (Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, run by the Jesuits), and six colleges (Lourdes College, St. Rita’s, Christ the King, and St. Mary’s, run by the RVM Sisters; and Fatima College in Mambajao, run by the Religious Sisters of Mercy). Most of the Catholic educational institutions were either founded by Archbishop Hayes himself or founded during his time.
There are 18 catholic high schools, most of which are run by Sisters. A group of Sisters, the Hijas de Jesus, administers the only Chinese Catholic school in Cagayan de Oro, the Kong Hua School.
As of 2013 there were five retreat centers or houses where people can go for recollections, days of prayer or solitude, or retreats. The latest of these is the Cardinal Hoffner’s House of Prayer owned by the Archdiocese.
Hospitals and rehabilitation centers
For physically, psychologically, psychiatrically or emotionally sick people, the archdiocese has: one hospital (Maria Reyna Xavier University Hospital, founded by Archbishop Hayes and currently owned by a partnership between the archdiocese, the Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres, and Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan); and four rehabilitation centers, the best-known of which is the House of Hope of the Archdiocese for the mentally sick.
- "Parishes and Parochial Clergy". Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines.
- "Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro". The Catholic Directory of the Philippines. Claretian Communications Foundation, Inc. 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "XMRUH launches new ER-OR complex". XU Website. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- Official website
- Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro-CBCP
- Archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro-Catholic Hierarchy
- Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines