|Comune di Robbio|
Apse view of the church of St. Peter in Robbio.
Location of Robbio in Italy
|Coordinates: 45°17′N 8°36′E / 45.283°N 8.600°ECoordinates: 45°17′N 8°36′E / 45.283°N 8.600°E|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Pavia (PV)|
|• Mayor||Marcelo Gasperini|
|• Total||40.3 km2 (15.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||122 m (400 ft)|
|Population (30 April 2010)|
|• Density||150/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Madonna del Rosario|
|Saint day||First Sunday in September|
Robbio is a city and comune (municipality) in the Province of Pavia in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 50 km southwest of Milan and about 45 km west of Pavia. It is part of Lomellina traditional region. Robbio borders the following municipalities: Borgolavezzaro, Castelnovetto, Confienza, Nicorvo, Palestro, Rosasco, Vespolate.
The area of Robbio was settled since Neolithic times. A Roman centre name Redobium is attested by Pliny the Elder. Later it was a Lombard town and, later, a possession of the Catholic diocese of Vercelli. Around the 11th century it was acquired by the De Robbio family, who ruled it, together with the neighbouring area, until the 13th century, when it was contended between Vercelli and Pavia. In 1220 the latter definitively acquired it through a diploma issued by Emperor Frederick II.
Then part of the Duchy of Milan, it was entrusted to several feudal families. In 1748 it was acquired by the Kingdom of Sardinia and, in the 19th century, it became part of the province of Pavia under the newly formed Kingdom of Italy.
- The medieval Castle, now a public park.
- Romanesque church of St. Peter (13th century), housing 16th-century frescoes attributed to Tommasino da Mortara.
- The 15th-century church of San Michele, with a late Gothic-style façade.
- Church of San Valeriano (5th/6th centuries, originally entitled to St. Andrew), enlarged by Cluniac monks in the late 11th century. The apse is now separated from the main building.
People closely associated with Robbio include:
- Silvio Piola (September 29, 1913 - October 4, 1996), a famous Italian soccer player.
- Enzo Emanuele (June 10, 1977), a medical researcher.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- Naturalis Historia, XIX,9