Richard Peter McBrien (August 19, 1936 – January 25, 2015) was the Crowley-O'Brien Professor of Theology at the University of Notre Dame. McBrien was the author of twenty-five books.
Richard P. McBrien was born on August 19, 1936, the fourth of five children of Thomas H. and Catherine (Botticelli) McBrien. His father was a police officer; his mother a nurse. McBrien earned his bachelor's degree at St. Thomas Seminary in Bloomfield, Connecticut in 1956, and a master's at St. John Seminary in Brighton, Massachusetts in 1962. He was ordained as a Catholic priest for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford in 1962. His first assignment as a priest was at Our Lady of Victory Church in New Haven. McBrien, obtained his doctorate in theology from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1967. He taught at the Pope John XXIII National Seminary in Weston, Massachusetts.
McBrien authored several books and articles discussing Catholicism. He is most well known for his authorship of Catholicism. He also served as president of the Catholic Theological Society of America from 1974–1975. In 1976 he was the awarded the John Courtney Murray Award for outstanding and distinguished accomplishments in theology. McBrien served as Chair of the Department of Theology of the University of Notre Dame from 1980 to 1991. Prior to going to Notre Dame, McBrien taught at Boston College, where he was director of the Institute of Religious Education and Pastoral Ministry.
McBrien's scholarly interests included ecclesiology, the relationship between religion and politics, and the theological, doctrinal and spiritual facets of the Catholic Church. McBrien published 25 books and was the general editor of the Encyclopedia of Catholicism. He also served as an on-air commentator on Catholic events for CBS in addition to his regular contribution as a commentator on several major television networks. He was also a consultant for ABC News. He wrote several essays for the National Catholic Reporter, as well as the The Tidings in Los Angeles. He produced a syndicated theological column for the Catholic press, Essays in Theology.
Notre Dame Professor of Theology Brian Daley described his colleague as representing "...what had been a pretty widespread point of view among Catholic theologians in the late 60s and 70s: liberal on the 'hot-button' issues, but—as he saw it—still theologically defensible. By the late 80s, though, this approach had definitely become a minority voice."
McBrien was a controversial figure in the American Catholic Church, due mainly to conflict surrounding his published works and public remarks.
USCCB critique of Catholicism
McBrien's Catholicism sold over 150,000 copies in its original two volume, 1980 edition. Together with its revised, one volume edition (1994), Catholicism was a widely used reference text and found in parish libraries throughout the United States. Nevertheless, sections within the text have been a matter of contention. Critics have noted that Catholicism does not bear a Nihil Obstat and Imprimatur declarations from the Church that state the book is free of moral or doctrinal error.
The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Committee on Doctrine found that the book "poses pastoral problems particularly as a textbook in undergraduate college courses and in parish education programs", and "as a book for people who are not specialists in theological reasoning and argumentation, Catholicism poses serious difficulties." The Committee on Doctrine noted that McBrien had presented some core Catholic teachings as one view among many instead of as the authoritative views of the church. Criticism included that the book contained statements which are "inaccurate or misleading," that it exaggerates "plurality" within the Catholic theological tradition, and that it overemphasizes "change and development" in the history of Catholic doctrine, even though official dogmas of the Catholic Church are, according to the Magisterium, unchangeable truths. After the Bishops Conference criticism of Catholicism a number of diocesan newspapers dropped his column.
In 2004 McBrien wrote a column supporting the In 1983 Bernardin developed the "Seamless garment" theory propounded by the late Cardinal Joseph Bernadin of Chicago, which holds that issues such as abortion, capital punishment, militarism, euthanasia, social injustice and economic injustice all demand a consistent application of moral principles that value the sacredness of human life. His position prompted criticism from what McBrien characterized as “single-issue, anti-abortion Catholics".
Reviews of Encyclopedia of Catholicism
McBrien also served as the general editor of The Harper Collins Encyclopedia of Catholicism. According to Thomas Guarino, "one has the impression that it was written for undergraduates who have little or no idea of what was once the common world and parlance of Catholic culture." The review itself elaborates, "It is intended as a handy reference for students or journalists who need a quick and succinct explanation of some Catholic term or practice." It concludes by stating that some "articles are models of precision and succinctness. The better ones include Revelation, Apostolic Succession, Conciliarism, Faith, Hell, Heresy, Homosexuality, Immortality, Inerrancy, Justification, Magisterium, Mary, Purgatory, and the Vicar of Christ. These have the merit of explaining clearly and concisely what the Catholic Church believes and why."
Accusation of plagiarism
Two formal complaints were sent to the University of Notre Dame where he taught in January 2006, alleging plagiarism by McBrien. He vigorously denied the claims and John Cavadini, Chair of Notre Dame’s theology department, dismissed the charges.
The Da Vinci Code
McBrien served as a paid consultant for the controversial film The Da Vinci Code, a movie that offended many Catholics because it portrayed a sexual relationship between Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene.
In September 2009, McBrien published an article in the National Catholic Reporter in which he criticized the centuries-old devotional practice of Eucharistic Adoration, calling it "a doctrinal, theological, and spiritual step backward, not forward."
Criticism of Popes
In a 1991 op-ed piece, McBrien discussed "the prolonged, slow-motion coup that has been under way in the church since the election of Pope John Paul II in October 1978", in which he saw "Ecclesiastical hard-liners, fearful of the loss of power and privilege, ...attempting to reverse the new, progressive course set by Pope John XXIII".
During a 1992 talk in Indianapolis he criticised “current discipline on obligatory celibacy and the ordination of women,” and challenged Catholics to take far more seriously the teachings of the Church on social justice, service, and evangelisation.
In 2012 McBrien told The National Catholic Reporter: “If there are any reasons for the bad patch the church is now going through, it is the appointments to the hierarchy and the promotions within made by John Paul and Benedict. By and large, they have all been conservative.
McBrien’s Lives of Saints and Lives of the Popes provide detailed biographical information in addition to discussing the larger religious and historical significance of saints and popes. He later published pocket guides to each of these volumes to supply more accessible information.
- Religion and Politics in America, (1987)
- Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from Saint Peter to John Paul II (HarperSanFrancisco, 2000 (revised in 2006), ISBN 0-06-065304-3)
- The Church: The Evolution of Catholicism (2008, ISBN 0-06-124521-6)
- The Pocket Guide to the Popes (HarperSanFrancisco, 2006, ISBN 0-06-113773-1)
- The Pocket Guide to the Saints (HarperSanFrancisco, 2006, ISBN 0-06-113774-X)
- Lives of the Saints: From Mary and St. Francis of Assisi to John XXIII and Mother Teresa (HarperSanFrancisco, 2006, ISBN 0-06-123283-1)
- 101 Questions & Answers on the Church (Paulist Press, 2003, ISBN 0-8091-4250-3)
- Responses to 101 Questions on the Church (Paulist Press, 1996, ISBN 0-8091-3638-4)
- The HarperCollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism (HarperSanFrancisco, 1995, ISBN 0-06-065338-8)
- Inside Catholicism (Signs of the Sacred) (HarperCollins, 1995, ISBN 0-00-649052-2) A Roman Catholic theology, history, and morality.
- How To Give Up Sex (co-authored with Roger Planer and John Riley: Hodder & Stoughton, 1989, ISBN 0-450-49473-X)
- Ministry: A Theological, Pastoral Handbook (HarperSanFrancisco, 1988, ISBN 0-06-065324-8)
- Caesar's Coin: Religion and Politics in America (MacMillan, 1987, ISBN 0-02-919720-1)
- In Search of God (Dimension Books, 1977, ISBN 0-87193-082-X)
- The Remaking of the Church: An Agenda for Reform (Harper & Row, 1973, ISBN 0-06-065327-2)
- For the Inquiring Catholic: Questions and Answers for the 1970s (Dimension Books, 1973)
- Who is a Catholic? (Dimension Books, 1971)
- Church: The Continuing Quest (Paulist Press, 1970, ISBN 0-8091-1525-5)
- The Church in the Thought of Bishop John Robinson (Westminster Press 1966, SCM Press 1966)
- McBrien, Richard. "obit", Essays in Theology
- "Fr. Richard McBrien, theologian and church expert, dies at 78", National Catholic Reporter, January 25, 2015
- Roberts, Sam. "Rev. Richard McBrien, Dissenting Catholic Theologian, Dies at 78", The New York Times, January 28, 2015
- "Rev. Richard P. McBrien", Department of Theology, University of Notre Dame
- Brown, Dennis. "In memoriam: Theologian Rev. Richard P. McBrien", Notre Dame News, January 25, 2015
- "Fr. McBrien attacks pro-life bishops in syndicated column", Catholic News Agency, December 17, 2004
- Salai, Sean, "Life after Richard McBrien: Q&A with Father Brian Daley, S.J.", America, January 28, 2015
- Fox, Thomas C., "Colleagues celebrate career of Fr. Richard McBrien", National Catholic Reporter, April 23, 2012
- National Council of Catholic Bishops (April 9, 1996). Review of Fr. McBrien's Catholism. CatholicCulture.org. Retrieved on: 2009-04-05.
- Coyne, Tom. "The Rev. Richard McBrien dies at 78: Liberal Catholic theologian", The Los Angeles Times, January 27, 2015
- Rychlak, Ronald J., "Dealing with Dissent: Fr. Richard McBrien", Catholic Answers
- Guarino, Thomas. "The View from South Bend." First Things 56 (October 1995): 53.
- "Fr. Richard McBrien named in ‘apparent plagiarism’", Catholic News Agency, January 16, 2006 Retrieved on: 2009-04-05.
- "Controversial Notre Dame priest accused of plagiarism…again", Catholic News Agency, March 14, 2006 Retrieved on: 2009-04-05.
- McBrien, Richard. "Perpetual eucharistic adoration", National Catholic Reporter, September 8, 2009
- McBrien, Richard P., "The Catholic coup", The Baltimore Sun, December 10, 1991
- "Notre Dame theologian Fr Richard McBrien dies", Catholic News Service, January 27, 2015
- Richard McBrien's personal website
- Richard McBrien's author profile
- Richard McBrien at Notre Dame
- Collected Articles on Richard P. McBrien by James Likoudis and various other authors