Richard Curzon, 4th Earl Howe

The Right Honourable
The Earl Howe

"South Bucks". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1896.
Treasurer of the Household
In office
11 February 1896  4 December 1900
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by Marquess of Carmarthen
Succeeded by Victor Cavendish
Personal details
Born 28 April 1861
Died 10 January 1929(1929-01-10) (aged 67)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Georgiana Spencer Churchill (1860–1906)
(2) Florence Davis
(d. 1925)
(3) Lorna Curzon
(d. 1961)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Richard George Penn Curzon, 4th Earl Howe GCVO TD JP (28 April 1861 10 January 1929), styled Viscount Curzon between 1876 and 1900, was a British courtier and Conservative politician. He served as Treasurer of the Household between 1896 and 1900 and was Lord Chamberlain to Queen Alexandra between 1903 and 1925.

Background and education

Curzon was the eldest son of Richard Curzon-Howe, 3rd Earl Howe, and his wife Isabella Katherine Anson, daughter of Major-General the Honourable George Anson.[1] He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.

Political career

In 1885, Curzon was elected Member of Parliament for Wycombe.[1][2] He became a government member when he was appointed Treasurer of the Household under Lord Salisbury in 1896,[3] a post he held until 1900,[4] when he inherited his father's titles and gave up his seat in the House of Commons.[1][2] From 1900[4] to 1903[5] he served as Lord-in-Waiting under Salisbury and then Arthur Balfour. In 1903 he was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order[6] and appointed Lord Chamberlain to Queen Alexandra.[7][8] He served in that post until the Queen's death in 1925.[1]

Lord Howe was also a Captain in the Prince Albert's Own Leicestershire Yeomanry Cavalry, an Honorary lieutenant-colonel in the 2nd Battalion of the Leicestershire Volunteer Regiment and a Justice of the Peace for Buckinghamshire.[1]

His brother-in-law, Lord Randolph Churchill, appointed him one of his two literary executors; in that capacity he gave his consent to Winston Churchill writing the biography of his father, although with some reluctance.


Lord Howe married Lady Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill (St. James's, 14 May 1860 9 February 1906), the fifth daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, on 4 June 1883 at St George's, Hanover Square. They had one son, Francis. After his first wife's death in 1906, Curzon married Florence, Dowager Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava, in 1919. After her death in 1925, he married his first cousin once removed, Lorna Curzon. He died in January 1929, aged 67, and was succeeded by his only son, Francis. The Countess Howe died in February 1961.[1]


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gerard Smith
Member of Parliament for Wycombe
Succeeded by
William Grenfell
Political offices
Preceded by
Marquess of Carmarthen
Treasurer of the Household
Succeeded by
Victor Cavendish
Preceded by
The Earl of Clarendon
Succeeded by
The Earl of Erroll
Court offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Colville of Culross
Lord Chamberlain to Queen Alexandra
Office abolished
Death of Queen Alexandra
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Curzon-Howe
Earl Howe
2nd creation
Succeeded by
Francis Curzon
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