Redwood City, California

Redwood City, California
Charter city[1]
City of Redwood City

The skyline of downtown Redwood City

Motto: "Climate Best by Government Test"[2]

Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Redwood City, California

Location in the United States

Coordinates: 37°28′58″N 122°14′10″W / 37.48278°N 122.23611°W / 37.48278; -122.23611Coordinates: 37°28′58″N 122°14′10″W / 37.48278°N 122.23611°W / 37.48278; -122.23611
Country United States
State California
County San Mateo
Incorporated May 11, 1867[3][4]
Re-incorporated May 3, 1897[4]
  Mayor John Seybert[5]
  Total 34.625 sq mi (89.677 km2)
  Land 19.420 sq mi (50.297 km2)
  Water 15.205 sq mi (39.380 km2)  43.91%
Elevation[4] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 76,815
  Estimate (2015)[7] 85,288
  Density 4,392/sq mi (1,696/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
  Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 94059, 94061–94065
Area code 650
FIPS code 06-60102
GNIS feature IDs 277584, 2410919

Redwood City is a city on the San Francisco Peninsula in Northern California's Bay Area, approximately 27 miles (43 km) south of San Francisco, and 24 mi (39 km) north of San Jose. Redwood City's history spans its earliest inhabitation by the Ohlone people to being a port for lumber and other goods. The county seat of San Mateo County, it is the home of several technology companies such as Box, Oracle, Evernote, Wealthfront,[8] and Electronic Arts. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 76,815. The Port of Redwood City is the only deepwater port on San Francisco Bay south of San Francisco. Redwood City is the location of the San Mateo County Jail, for both women and men. The Malibu Grand Prix long time landmark was recently demolished along with the city's only Mini Golf, Go-Kart, Video Game Arcade, and Batting Cages. Malibu Grand Prix's previous location is currently the construction site of a new additional Jail and Inmate housing facility. The city has a motto "Climate Best By Government Test" which is a reference to it being one of the top German scouted scientific climates and the city was one of the locations mapped by them during their testing and data collection. The Hetch Hetchy water pipeline runs through Redwood City and supplies a vast majority of the surrounding area with low grain (+/− 3 grains) rated water.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 34.7 square miles (90 km2), of which 19.4 square miles (50 km2) is land and 15.2 square miles (39 km2) (43.91%) is water. A major watercourse draining much of Redwood City is Redwood Creek, to which several significant river deltas connect, the largest of which is Westpoint Slough.

Redwood City's sphere of influence includes the districts of Emerald Lake Hills and North Fair Oaks, which, however, are largely outside the city boundaries and are counted individually for the U.S. census. Palomar Park, just north of Emerald Hills and east of San Carlos' Crestview area, is another Redwood City neighborhood that is formally part of unincorporated San Mateo County. The northern neighborhood of Redwood Shores is part of Redwood City, although it is not possible to travel by road from one to the other without passing through the neighboring city of San Carlos, or through Belmont via unincorporated San Mateo County. Although Redwood City has a large middle class, the south eastern section of Redwood City highly resembles working class North Fair Oaks in demographic make-up and income level.

El Camino Real, a northwest/southeast arterial street and Woodside Road, a north-northeast/south-southwest arterial, run through Redwood City. Locally, the former is regarded as north/south and the latter east/west, as El Camino connects Redwood City to San Francisco and San Jose and Woodside Road runs from San Francisco Bay to the Santa Cruz Mountains. The actual geography is as stated.

Redwood City is a heavily developed mixed city, from its huge dense urban in the east, north, northeast and central neighborhoods, to its very dense suburban in the west, south and central-south neighborhoods, to its less dense exurb in the deep south and south-west neighborhoods, and to its rural upscale hillside neighborhoods. It is a very diverse cosmopolitan city in the Bay Area, a newly popular destination in the peninsula and the Bay as a whole.


Redwood City, along with most of the Bay Area, enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb), with warm, dry summers and cool, relatively wet winters. The National Weather Service, which maintains both a forecast center and a cooperative office in Redwood City, reports that December is the coolest month and July is the warmest month. The record highest temperature of 110 °F (43.3 °C) and was recorded on July 14 and 15, 1972. The record lowest temperature of 16 °F (−8.8 °C) was recorded on January 11, 1949. Annually, there are an average of 21.6 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and 2.8 days with highs of 100 °F (38 °C) or higher; there are an average of 10.4 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower.

The normal annual precipitation is 20.56 inches (52.22 cm). The most rainfall in one month was 12.42 inches (31.55 cm) in February 1998. The record 24-hour rainfall of 4.88 inches (12.4 cm) was on October 13, 1962. There are an average of 62.1 days with measurable precipitation. Snow flurries have been observed on rare occasions; there was some minor snow accumulation in May 1935, January 1962, and February 1976.

Climate data for Redwood City, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 58.5
Average low °F (°C) 42.1
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.91
Source: "Western Regional Climate Center[9]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201585,288[7]11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]


The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Redwood City had a population of 76,815. The population density was 3,955.5 people per square mile (1,527.2/km²). The racial makeup of Redwood City was 46,255 (60.2%) White, 1,881 (2.4%) African American, 511 (0.7%) Native American, 8,216 (10.7%) Asian, 795 (1.0%) Pacific Islander, 14,967 (19.5%) from other races, and 4,190 (5.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29,810 persons (38.8%). Non-Hispanic Whites number 31,982 (40.9%).

The Census reported that 75,268 people (98.0% of the population) lived in households, 408 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,139 (1.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 27,957 households, out of which 10,045 (35.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,642 (48.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,139 (11.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,461 (5.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,818 (6.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 288 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,411 households (26.5%) were made up of individuals and 2,401 (8.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69. There were 18,242 families (65.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.26.

The population was spread out with 18,193 people (23.7%) under the age of 18, 5,981 people (7.8%) aged 18 to 24, 24,819 people (32.3%) aged 25 to 44, 19,710 people (25.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 8,112 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.7 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

There were 29,167 housing units at an average density of 1,501.9 per square mile (579.9/km²), of which 14,160 (50.6%) were owner-occupied, and 13,797 (49.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.9%. 37,757 people (49.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 37,511 people (48.8%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile[12] 2010
Total Population 76,815 - 100.0%
One Race 72,625 - 94.5%
Not Hispanic or Latino 47,005 - 61.2%
White alone 33,801 - 44.0%
Black or African American alone 1,655 - 2.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 152 - 0.2%
Asian alone 8,063 - 10.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 732 - 1.0%
Some other race alone 291 - 0.4%
Two or more races alone 2,311 - 3.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 29,810 - 38.8%


In 2000, there were 75,402 people, 27,423 households and 17,898 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,882.7 people per square mile (1,499.1/km²). There were 29,568 housing units at an average density of 1,522.6 per square mile (550.3/km²). 47.1% spoke English, 39.6% Spanish, 2.4% Chinese or Mandarin, other Indo-European 1.7%, and other language 0.5%, as their first language from estimate census 2009.

There were 27,680 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.62 and the average family size was 4.80.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 14.7% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males.

According to a 2009 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $69,679, and the median income for a family was $77,964. Disposable income is relatively constant when Redwood City is compared with the rest of the country.[13] Males had a median income of $47,345 versus $44,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,042. About 8.4% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

City Hall (surrounded by Redwood trees)


Redwood City's charter provides for a councilor-manager form of government. The City Council appoints the City Manager and adopts policies, which the City Manager is expected to implement. The City Manager appoints and manages most of Redwood City's department heads (the City Clerk and City Attorney being notable exceptions).

The City Council seats are currently held by John D. Seybert (also the mayor), Ian Bain (also the vice-mayor), Alicia C. Aguirre, Jeffrey Gee, Janet Borgens, Diane Howard, and Shelly Masur. The current City Manager is Melissa Stevenson DIaz.

In the California State Legislature, Redwood City is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 22nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Kevin Mullin.[14][15]

In the United States House of Representatives, Redwood City is split between California's 14th and 18th congressional districts,[16] represented by Jackie Speier (DHillsborough) and Anna Eshoo (DAtherton), respectively.[17]


In an attempt to revitalize Redwood City's downtown, city officials decided to look into development. In February 1999 the San Mateo County History Museum opened inside the old San Mateo County Courthouse in downtown Redwood City.[18] In August 2006, a 20-screen theater and various shops opened in a prime downtown location. The theater complex boasts restaurant and retail space at street level and a 2-level underground parking structure.[19]

In addition to the new 20-screen theater, major improvements were made to the historical courthouse located on Broadway. In the late '30s an addition was built in front of the original structure, obscuring the view. It was torn down as part of the revitalization project. The building has been replaced with a large courtyard flanked by water fountains on either side, leading to the main steps of the courthouse. The courthouse's glass dome is lit at night and changes colors every 11 seconds.


The western arch



Redwood City has one community college, Cañada College.

It has elementary and middle schools operated by the Redwood City School District and several public high schools in the Sequoia Union High School District: the comprehensive Sequoia High School, the charter schools Summit Preparatory Charter High School and Everest Public High School, and the continuation school Redwood High School. Many students from Redwood City attend Woodside High School in the neighboring town of Woodside.

The Peninsula Library System has four branches in the city: Downtown, Fair Oaks, Redwood Shores, and Schaberg.[21]


Redwood City's slogan, emblazoned on arches across Broadway at the east and west entrances to downtown, is "Climate Best By Government Test." This is based on a climatological survey conducted by the United States and German governments prior to World War I. The area centered on Redwood City tied for the world's best climate with the Canary Islands and North Africa's Mediterranean Coast.[22]

Independence Day parade

Redwood City's Independence Day parade sponsored by the Peninsula Celebration Association,[23] held continuously since 1939, has been billed variously as 'The largest Independence Day Parade in California,' 'West of the Mississippi,' 'in North America,' claims which may or may not be accurate. The first verifiable written records of celebrations date to 1861, and to 1887 for a parade.

Notable people


Law enforcement






Media companies


Ampex, Avangate, BigBand Networks, BroadVision, Crystal Dynamics, Electronic Arts, Informatica, iPass Inc., Jivox, Openwave, Oracle, Shutterfly,, Evernote, i2c Inc, YuMe, and iCracked is based in Redwood City.

Additionally, All Nippon Airways operates an office in Suite 350 at 555 Twin Dolphin Drive in Redwood City.[31] Until 1999 Sega operated its United States headquarters in Redwood City; during that year the headquarters moved to San Francisco.[32] The 3DO Company, when it existed, had its headquarters in Redwood City.[33] In addition to large tech companies, there is also a vibrant small business community in the town; Redwood city ranked the 7th best place in California for small business.[34]

Cargill salt ponds

Cargill has operated salt ponds in Redwood City, and has proposed development of the ponds, resulting in demands for restoration of some of the land. The plans are currently stalled.[35]

Largest employers as of 2016

  1. Oracle – 6,750
  2. County of San Mateo – 2,664
  3. Electronic Arts – 2,367
  4. Sequoia Hospital – 936
  5. Kaiser Permanente Medical Group – 911
  6. Kaiser Foundation Hospitals – 773
  7. Redwood City School District – 763
  8. Stanford Hospital & Clinics – 750
  9. Equinix – 532

Sister cities

See also


  1. "Government: How the City Works!". Redwood City. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  2. ""Business Climate Best by Government Test" City Puts a Spotlight on Economic Development". Redwood City. October 31, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  3. "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  4. 1 2 3 "Redwood City". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  5. "City of Redwood City Council Reorganization New Mayor and Vice Mayor Selected". City of Redwood City. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  6. "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  7. 1 2 "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. "CIA-backed start-up is taking over Palo Alto". CNBC. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  9. "1981–2010 Monthly Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. May 2012. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Redwood City city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  12. "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census".
  13. "Redwood City city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Retrieved 2012-01-12.
  14. "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  15. "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  16. "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  17. "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
  18. "Exploring San Mateo County History Museum". Redwood Creek Inn. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  19. ""On Broadway" Retail-Cinema Project". Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  20. "State Historical Landmark #816". Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  21. "Peninsula Library System - Redwood City Libraries".
  22. "Climate Best By Government Test". Retrieved 2013-06-25.
  23. "Peninsula Celebration Association". Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  24. "Redwood City recovers from Peterson trial". December 14, 2004. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
  25. "Ken Kesey's journal from jail published". January 20, 2004. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
  26. "Eric Byrnes Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  27. Sun, Jan 1Final. "Greg Camarillo Stats, News, Videos, Highlights, Pictures, Bio - Minnesota Vikings - ESPN". Retrieved 2012-01-12.
  28. "Daniel Descalso Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  29. "Daniel Nava Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  30. "Bela Lugosi Interviews". Vampire Over London: The Bela Lugosi Blog.
  31. "ANA City Offices/Ticketing Offices North America/Hawaii/Guam." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on December 22, 2008.
  32. Angwin, Julie and Laura Evenson. "Sega Expected to Move HQ To S.F. From Redwood City." San Francisco Chronicle. Thursday June 11, 1998. Retrieved on January 13, 2009.
  33. "Legal notices." 3DO Company. March 31, 2001. Retrieved on November 3, 2012. "The 3DO Company, 100 Cardinal Way, Redwood City, CA 94063."
  34. "The 8 Best Cities for Small Business in California (As Shown By Data)". 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  35. "Redwood City Saltworks project waits in limbo while feds mull next course", Bonnie Eslinger, San Jose Mercury News, December 8, 2012
  36. "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2015". City of Redwood City Finance Department. p. 138. Retrieved August 17, 2016.

External links

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