Raumism (Esperanto: Raŭmismo) is an ideology beginning in 1980 with the Manifesto of Rauma, which criticized the goals of the traditional Esperanto movement and defined all Esperantists as "a self-chosen diasporic linguistic minority". It is also used by the members of the Esperanta Civito (English: Esperanto Citizens' Community) to describe their ideology, although some who subscribe to the idea deem this contrary to the spirit of the Manifesto.
Essentially, the "Internal Idea" of the Esperanto movement (according to the Enciklopedio de Esperanto) has been that an easy-to-learn common language can be a significant influence for peace by promoting interpersonal understanding across cultural and national boundaries. The movement's main goal has been to promote Esperanto as that common language with a focus on the goal of world peace.
"We want to spread Esperanto ..."
The "Raŭma Manifesto" emphasized that an official introduction is not probable and not essential during the 80's and that it is necessary to have alternative goals. The manifesto emphasizes the fact that the Esperanto-speaking community has itself become a culture, worthy of preservation and promotion for its own sake. It clearly puts: "We want to spread Esperanto to realize its positive values more and more (...)" - a fact that is not widely known.
- "Ni kredas ke: - la oficialigo de Esperanto estas nek verŝajna nek esenca dum la 80aj jaroj – oni havu alternativajn celojn"
- "Ni celas disvastigi Esperanton por pli kaj pli, iom post iom realigi ĝiajn pozitivajn valorojn (...)" Manifesto de Raŭmo