Rai 1

Rai 1
Launched 3 January 1954
Owned by Rai
Picture format 576i 16:9 (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Audience share 16.26% (May 2014, [1])
Country Italy
Language Italian
Broadcast area National; also distributed in Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, Tunisia (excluding Le Kef, Kasserine and Tozeur),[2] Malta and via satellite across Europe and in certain areas by cable.
Headquarters Rome
Formerly called Programma Nazionale (1954–1975)
Rete 1 (1975–1982)
Rai Uno (1982–2010)
Website rai1.rai.it
Digital Channel 1 (SD)
Channel 501 (HD)
Digital DVB-S (scrambled in Mediaguard during some events) on Hotbird, Astra, Atlantic Bird and Hispasat
Sky Italia Channels 101 and 5001
Digiturk Channel 101
CanalSat Channel 365
NOVA Greece Channel 854
Cyfrowy Polsat Channel 209
FASTWEB Channel 1
MC Cable Channel 201
UPC Romania Channel 192
Com Hem Channel 177
TV Cabo Channel 227
Cablecom Channel 093
Channel 202 (digital CH-D)
Hot Channel 155
Numericable Channel 76
UPC Romania Channel 741 (digital with DVR)
Channel 192 (digital)
DNA Oy Channel 375
blizoo Channel 109
TV di FASTWEB Channel 1
Alice Home TV Channel 001
Infostrada TV Channel 1
Logo used from 2000-2010

Rai 1 (until May 2010 known as Rai Uno) is the flagship television channel of Rai, Italy's national public service broadcaster, and the most watched television channel in the country. It is a general interest channel, mainly focused on shows, movies and public service; its direct competitor is Mediaset's Canale 5.

Early history

The first set of programming for Rai 1 was almost completely educational with no advertising, except for the popular Carosello. Early shows were meant to teach a common language to a country torn apart by World War II. Shows like Non è mai troppo tardi... were simply shot in a classroom set and meant to help with reconstruction. While televisions were not widely available nor affordable, those who could spend the money on them became community leaders and often invited the neighborhood to visit. Bars and cafés turned from places where men would meet to argue or play cards into miniature cinemas where arguments over what show to watch would break out. Women and children were also more accepted inside the bars, as a result of the lack of men post-war and their need to enter working society. Churches also bought televisions are a means of drawing people to spend time as part of those communities.

Rai 1 HD

The channel launched an HDTV 1080i simulcast in September 2013, available nationwide on satellite, and on DTT in few Italian provinces. Previously, HD programs used to be aired on Rai HD.

Directors of Rai 1

Name Took office Left office
Mimmo Scarano 1976 1979
Emmanuele Milano 1980 1985
Giuseppe Rossini 1986 1988
Carlo Fuscagni 1989 1993
Nadio Delai 1994 1994
Brando Giordani 1995 1996
Giovanni Tantillo 1996 1996
Agostino Saccà 1998 2000
Maurizio Beretta 2000 2001
Agostino Saccà 2001 2002
Fabrizio Del Noce 2002 2009
Mauro Mazza 2009 2012
Giancarlo Leone 2012 2016
Andrea Fabiano 2016

Current programs


Documentaries and Culture

TV Series


Traditionally, Rai 1 broadcasts only two sports, but they are the first and second most followed sports in Italy: football and Formula 1. Rai Uno usually broadcasts all the Italian national football team's matches, as well as the matches from important football competitions such as the World Cup and the European Championship. Starting from 2006, it has bought the rights to UEFA Champions League. In 2012 Mediaset bought the rights for the Champions League.

Rai 1 has always broadcast Formula 1 races (excluding the first half of the 1990s, when the rights were bought by the Mediaset group) with high shares. Its current rights is expired in 2012.

Early programs

Until the autumn 1976/77 season, regular broadcasting was in monochrome (black and white), with very few exceptions (shown in bold). Regular colour broadcasting began during the winter 1976/77 season.


  1. "Sintesi Mensile 1A" (PDF). Auditel. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  2. "Frequency look-up". National Broadcasting Corporation. 27 August 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2010.
  3. "Addio a Raimondo Vianello Anche il calcio piange" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qQwjq08tUU4 An abridgement of the epilogue
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13fa7j13124 A scene from the first episode
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