Provinces of Indonesia

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Province of Indonesia
Provinsi Indonesia (Indonesian)
Category Province
Location Republic of Indonesia
Number 34
Populations 622,350 (North Kalimantan) – 43,053,732 (West Java)
Areas 1,720 km2 (664 sq mi) (Jakarta) – 826,300 km2 (319,036 sq mi) (Papua)
Government Governor
Subdivisions Regency and city

Indonesian territory is composed of 34 provinces. A province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of the local government divisions of Indonesia (Daerah Tingkat I - level I region). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (Daerah Tingkat II - level II regions), which are in turn subdivided into sub-districts (kecamatan).


Each province has its own local government, headed by a governor, and has its own legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provinces

Indonesia has 34 provinces, eight of which have been created since 1999, namely: North Maluku, West Papua, Banten, Bangka–Belitung Islands, Gorontalo, Riau Islands Province, West Sulawesi and (in late 2012) North Kalimantan.[1]

Five provinces have special status:

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.[2]

This clickable map shows provinces of Indonesia as of 25 October 2012. Click on a province name to go to its main article.

Table of provinces

Provinces of Indonesia[3]
Seal Province Indonesian acronym ISO[4] Capital Population at 2010 Census Area (km²) Population density
per km²
Geographical unit Number of cities (kota) Number of regencies (kabupaten) Number of sub-districts (kecamatan) Number of villages (desa) and urban communities (kelurahan) Time zone
Special Region of Aceh Aceh ID-AC Banda Aceh 4,494,410 57,956 77 Sumatra 5 18 275 6,420 UTC+7
Bali Bali ID-BA Denpasar 3,890,757 5,780 621 Lesser Sunda Islands 1 8 57 698 UTC+8
Bangka–Belitung Islands Babel ID-BB Pangkal Pinang 1,223,296 16,424 64 Sumatra 1 6 43 361 UTC+7
Banten Banten ID-BT Serang 10,632,166 9,662 909 Java 4 4 154 1,530 UTC+7
Bengkulu Bengkulu ID-BE Bengkulu 1,715,518 19,919 84 Sumatra 1 9 116 1,442 UTC+7
Central Java Jateng ID-JT Semarang 32,382,657 40,800 894 Java 6 29 573 8,577 UTC+7
Central Kalimantan Kalteng ID-KT Palangkaraya 2,212,089 153,564 14 Kalimantan 1 13 120 1,439 UTC+7
Central Sulawesi Sulteng ID-ST Palu 2,635,009 61,841 41 Sulawesi 1 10 147 1,712 UTC+8
East Java Jatim ID-JI Surabaya 37,476,757 47,799 828 Java 9 29 662 8,502 UTC+7
East Kalimantan[5] Kaltim ID-KI Samarinda 3,026,060 139,462 22 Kalimantan 3 6 89 1,023 UTC+8
East Nusa Tenggara NTT ID-NT Kupang 4,683,827 48,718 92 Lesser Sunda Islands 1 20 286 2,775 UTC+8
Gorontalo Gorontalo ID-GO Gorontalo 1,040,164 11,257 94 Sulawesi 1 5 65 595 UTC+8
Jakarta Special Capital Region DKI ID-JK Central Jakarta 9,607,787 664 12,786 Java 5 1 44 267 UTC+7
Jambi Jambi ID-JA Jambi 3,092,265 50,058 57 Sumatra 2 9 128 1,319 UTC+7
Lampung Lampung ID-LA Bandar Lampung 7,608,405 34,623 226 Sumatra 2 12 206 2,358 UTC+7
Maluku Maluku ID-MA Ambon 1,533,506 46,914 32 Maluku Islands 2 9 76 898 UTC+9
North Kalimantan Kaltara ID-KU Tanjung Selor 622,350 72,275 10 Kalimantan 1 4 49 381 UTC+8
North Maluku Malut ID-MU Sofifi 1,038,087 31,982 31 Maluku Islands 2 7 109 1,041 UTC+9
North Sulawesi Sulut ID-SA Manado 2,270,596 13,851 162 Sulawesi 4 11 150 1,510 UTC+8
North Sumatra Sumut ID-SU Medan 12,982,204 72,981 188 Sumatra 8 25 408 5,649 UTC+7
Special Region of Papua Papua ID-PA Jayapura 2,833,381 319,036 8 Western New Guinea 1 28 330 3,583 UTC+9
Riau Riau ID-RI Pekanbaru 5,538,367 87,023 52 Sumatra 2 10 153 1,500 UTC+7
Riau Islands Kepri ID-KR Tanjung Pinang 1,679,163 8,201 208 Sumatra 2 5 59 331 UTC+7
Southeast Sulawesi Sultra ID-SG Kendari 2,232,586 38,067 51 Sulawesi 2 10 199 1,843 UTC+8
South Kalimantan Kalsel ID-KS Banjarmasin 3,626,616 38,744 96 Kalimantan 2 11 151 1,973 UTC+8
South Sulawesi Sulsel ID-SN Makassar 8,034,776 46,717 151 Sulawesi 3 26 301 2,874 UTC+8
South Sumatra Sumsel ID-SS Palembang 7,450,394 91,592 86 Sumatra 4 11 217 2,869 UTC+7
West Java Jabar ID-JB Bandung 43,053,732 35,377 1,176 Java 9 17 625 5,827 UTC+7
West Kalimantan Kalbar ID-KB Pontianak 4,395,983 147,307 30 Kalimantan 2 12 175 1,777 UTC+7
West Nusa Tenggara NTB ID-NB Mataram 4,500,212 18,572 234 Lesser Sunda Islands 2 8 116 913 UTC+8
Special Region of West Papua Papuabarat ID-PB[6] Manokwari 760,422 97,024 8 Western New Guinea 1 10 149 1,291 UTC+9
West Sulawesi Sulbar ID-SR Mamuju 1,158,651 16,787 73 Sulawesi 0 5 66 564 UTC+8
West Sumatra Sumbar ID-SB Padang 5,133,989 42,012 110 Sumatra 7 12 169 964 UTC+7
Special Region of Yogyakarta DIY ID-YO Yogyakarta 3,457,491 3,133 1,138 Java 1 4 78 438 UTC+7

Proposed future provinces

A considerable number of new provinces have been proposed in addition to the 34 existing provinces of Indonesia.[7] As of 2013, the government has targeted the creation of eight new provinces by 2020,[8] by splitting several of the existing provinces.

Region English name of proposed new province Indonesian name of proposed new province Source province (currently containing this area)
Sumatra Tapanuli Tapanuli North Sumatra
Sumatra Nias Islands Kepulauan Nias North Sumatra
Lesser Sunda Islands Sumbawa Island[9] Pulau Sumbawa West Nusa Tenggara
Kalimantan Great Kapuas Kapuas Raya West Kalimantan
Sulawesi Great Bolaang Mongondow Bolaang Mongondow Raya North Sulawesi
Papua Southwest Papua[10] Papua Barat Daya West Papua
Papua Central Papua[11][12] Papua Tengah Papua
Papua South Papua[13] Papua Selatan Papua

On 25 October 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) began reviewing draft laws on the establishment of 57 prospective regencies and 8 new provinces. The latter consist of the eight areas mentioned above - Kapuas Raya will comprise the five most easterly regencies of the present West Kalimantan province, and Bolaang Mongondow Raya will comprise the southern half of the present North Sulawesi province. In the same week, the House, at its last plenary meeting of the year, approved the creation of another seven new regencies - Mahakam Ulu (East Kalimantan), Malaka (East Nusa Tenggara), Central Mamuju (West Sulawesi), Banggai Laut (Central Sulawesi), Tailabu Island (North Maluku), Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir (South Sumatra) and East Kolaka Timur (Southeast Sulawesi).[14]

In addition, a variety of other new provinces (or province-level administrations) have been proposed:

Region English name Indonesian name Source province
Sumatra Central Sumatra (Provinsi) Sumatera Tengah Riau
Maluku South Maluku (Province) (Provinsi) Maluku Selatan Maluku
Papua Biak Islands (Province) (Provinsi) Kepulauan Biak Papua
Java Madura Islands (Province) (Provinsi) Kepulauan Madura East Java
Kalimantan Special Region of Singkawang Daerah Istimewa Singkawang West Kalimantan
Kalimantan Southeast Kalimantan (Province) (Provinsi) Kalimantan Tenggara East Kalimantan
Sumatra Belitung (Province) (Provinsi) Belitung Bangka-Belitung Islands
Sumatra Free trade zone Region of Batam Daerah Khusus Kawasan Bebas Batam Riau Islands
Java Special Region of Surakarta[15][16][17] Daerah Istimewa Surakarta Central Java
Sulawesi Nusa Utara (Provinsi) Nusa Utara North Sulawesi
Sulawesi East Sulawesi (Province) (Provinsi) Sulawesi Timur Central Sulawesi
Java Galuh (Province) (Provinsi) Galuh West Java
Java Southeast Java (Province) (Provinsi) Jawa Tenggara East Java

See also



  1. "House Agrees on Creation of Indonesia's 34th Province: 'North Kalimantan'". The Jakarta Post. 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
  2. ISO 3166-2:ID
  3. Data Wilayah - Kementerian Dalam Negeri - Republik Indonesia
  4. ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  5. figures adjusted to take account of the separation of Tarakan City and four regencies, as confirmed by Biro Pusat Statistik, to form the new province of North Kalimantan, listed separately in this table.
  6. West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February, 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 2007-02-07. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, an Indonesian court agreed that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, the court ruled that because the new province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also prohibited the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June, 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. see . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  7. How many provinces does Indonesia need? | The Jakarta Post
  8. Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013
  9. Officials support new province for Sumbawa. | The Jakarta Post
  10. Better public services, not new provinces for Papua: Activists | The Jakarta Post
  11. SBY to discuss formation of new Central Papua province | The Jakarta Post
  12. West Papua: Military report confirms desire for freedom |
  13. House backs new Papuan province | The Jakarta Post
  14. Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013
  15. cf. Special Region of Yogyakarta
  16. Special Region of Surakarta was actually established on the same day as Special Region of Yogyakarta, i.e. on 9 August 1945, but political turmoil in the following year made the President suspend the status. Afterwards, the suspension has not been lifted until the present day. Some members of the Surakarta Royal Family have filed judicial review to the Constitutional Court of Indonesia in 2013, but it was eventually rejected because of their legal standing

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