In ancient Greece and during the Byzantine era, the Promachoi (singular: Promachos; Greek: πρόμαχος) were the men fighting in the first rank of the phalanx.[1][2] The word can also be used as an adjective as in "promachos line"[3] referring to the first line of battle. It may also refer to Athena Promachos, the famous bronze statue by Phidias that towered over the Parthenon.

The first use of the word is recorded in Homer's Iliad[4] and since then it has been used all through antiquity, the Byzantine years up to the modern times.


  1. Perseus Project - Greek Word Study Tool (πρόμαχος).
  2. Sylloge Tacticorum, 45.15
  3. Leo VI. Tactica, 12.43
  4. Homer Iliad, Ξ.82
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 5/20/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.