Principality of Hamamshen
|Principality of Hamamshen|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|History of Armenia|
The Principality of Hamamshen was a small principality that was established in the 8th century by Armenians who fled the Arab invasions of Armenia.
In the 8th century, Prince Hamam, his father Prince Shapuh Amatuni and their people migrated North to the Black Sea region in order to escape Arab invasions of Vaspurakan. They settled in the ruined city of Tambur and its surrounding villages. Prince Hamam rebuilt the city and named it Hamamshen ("Hamam's hamlet" in Armenian).
The Principality of Hamamshen was surrounded by foreign states, but they preserved their isolated independence until the 14th century.
In the 14th century, the region was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
After several centuries, the name Hamamshen evolved into Hamshen in the Armenian language, and Hemshin in the Turkish language. The Armenians of Hamamshen were cut off from the rest of the Armenian social and cultural world and developed their own distinct ethnic identity.