Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland

Not to be confused with Magdalena of Sweden.
Princess Madeleine
Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland

Princess Madeleine on her wedding day, 8 June 2013
Born (1982-06-10) 10 June 1982
Drottningholm Palace, Drottningholm, Sweden
Spouse Christopher O'Neill (m. 2013)
Issue Princess Leonore, Duchess of Gotland
Prince Nicolas, Duke of Ångermanland
Full name
Madeleine Thérèse Amelie Josephine
House Bernadotte
Father King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Mother Queen Silvia of Sweden

Princess Madeleine of Sweden, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland (Madeleine Thérèse Amelie Josephine;[1] born 10 June 1982), is the second daughter and youngest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. Upon her birth, she was third in line of succession to the Swedish throne. She is currently sixth in the line of succession following the birth of her niece, Princess Estelle, in February 2012 and the birth of her nephews Prince Oscar and Prince Alexander in March and April 2016. Princess Madeleine is married to British-born American financier Christopher O'Neill. The couple has two children, a daughter, Princess Leonore, and a son, Prince Nicolas.

Early life

Madeleine was born on 10 June 1982 at 19:05 CEST[2] at Drottningholm Palace and is a member of the Swedish Royal Family from the House of Bernadotte. She was christened at The Royal Palace Church on 31 August 1982, her godparents being her father's maternal cousin the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, her maternal uncle Walther L. Sommerlath, her father's paternal cousin Princess Benedikte of Denmark, and her paternal aunt Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson.[3] Her fourth name, Josephine honours her ancestor Josephine of Leuchtenberg. She was given the honorary title of Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland. It was the first time since the early 17th century (when such titles were still more than honorary) that a Swedish ducal title included more than one province.


From 1985–1989, Madeleine began her education at Västerled Parish Pre-School. In the Autumn of 1989, she entered Smedslättsskolan in Bromma, attending at the junior level. For the intermediate level, she proceeded to Carlssons School in Stockholm, and then went on to Enskilda Gymnasiet in Stockholm, which she attended at the senior level. She also completed upper secondary school at Enskilda, from which she graduated in 2001.[4] During the Autumn of 2001, she lived in London where she studied English.[5] In the spring of 2002, she took a basic module in Introduction to Swedish Law and studied for the European Computer Driving Licence.[6] In January 2003, she enrolled at the Stockholm University where she began studies in art history. She took 60 Swedish academic units in this subject (two semesters). In the Autumn of 2004, she began a course in ethnology at the same university. She speaks English, German and Swedish fluently, and also intermediate level French.[7] She graduated 23 January 2006 with a Bachelor of Arts in art history, ethnology and modern history. During 2007, she studied child psychology at University of Stockholm.

Leisure pursuits

Madeleine is an enthusiastic equestrian. She has owned horses (which were stabled at the Royal Stables) and competed in showjumping under the name "Anna Svensson".[4] She also enjoys skiing, and is interested in theatre, dance and art. In recognition of her age of majority in 2001, a scholarship fund was created in her name by the Gävleborg province, which comprises her duchies of Hälsingland and Gästrikland. It encourages and supports young people involved in horse riding. In 2001, Madeleine first distributed such awards as 'Pony Rider of the Year with trainer in Gävleborg' and 'Gold Rider'.


Madeleine handing the Göran Gustafsson Prize to Johan Elf in 2010.

Madeleine undertakes various engagements on behalf of her father and the people of Sweden. She participates in the celebrations of Sweden's National Day, the Nobel festivities, dinners and state visits with other members of the royal family.[8] She represented Sweden at the opening of the New Sweden Gallery on 5 June 2011, at the American Swedish Historical Museum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which features an animated map of the New Sweden settlement by Sean Moir.[9]

Charity work

Madeleine is the patron of the organisation Min Stora Dag (the Swedish equivalent of Make-A-Wish Foundation, more commonly known as My Big Day, (its translation into English). She is also affiliated with Europa Nostra, Carl Johan-League and the Royal Motorboat Club.[10] In 2006, she interned for UNICEF for six months in New York City and worked for the division of Child Protective Services.[4] In 2012, she co-founded the ThankYou by Childhood campaign which works to raise awareness of the issues surrounding the sexual abuse of children and the work the World Childhood Foundation does to prevent it.[11]

Personal life

On 11 August 2009, Madeleine announced her engagement to lawyer Jonas Bergström (b. 1979).[12][13] Madeleine said in her engagement interview that they became engaged in Capri in early June 2009. An engagement dinner took place on the engagement day in Solliden Palace on Öland. The engagement could only take place after Bergström had been awarded the official approval of the Swedish Cabinet Regeringen and that had been communicated to her father, the King.[12]

The wedding was originally due to take place in the second half of 2010 but was postponed due to "many things happening in an intense period of time", mainly her sister Victoria's wedding in June. Despite rumours of relationship issues, Queen Silvia stated in April 2010 that the couple was "fine" and that everything was "okay".[14] However, media reporting of the relationship issues escalated, and on 24 April 2010 it was announced that the wedding would not be going ahead, and the engagement was broken off.[15] After her relationship with Bergström ended, Madeleine moved to New York City, where she worked for the World Childhood Foundation, the organisation that her mother co-founded. On 25 October 2012, the Swedish Royal Court announced her engagement with the financier Christopher O'Neill.[16]


Princess Madeleine and Christopher O'Neill following their wedding.

On 23 December 2012, it was announced that the wedding would take place on 8 June 2013, at the Royal Palace chapel in Stockholm.[17] Members of various royal families attended the wedding, and Madeleine wore a Valentino Haute Couture wedding gown.[18] O'Neill is untitled and undertakes no engagements on behalf of the royal family. A member of the Swedish Royal Family must hold Swedish citizenship, but O'Neill had refused.

Motherhood and children

In September 2013, Madeleine and her husband Christopher announced they were expecting their first child.[19] Their daughter Princess Leonore was born in New York City on 20 February 2014.[20] Prior to the birth, Madeleine had announced on her Facebook page that she would be unable to travel to Stockholm for the Nobel Prize ceremony due to her pregnancy and also mentioned that she was expecting a girl.[21]

On 19 December 2014, it was announced that Madeleine and her husband were expecting their second child, and their son, Prince Nicolas, was born in Stockholm on 15 June 2015.[22][23] In February 2015, the Swedish Royal Court announced that the family had moved to Stockholm from New York.[24] In May 2015, the Swedish Royal Court announced that O'Neill had moved to London, United Kingdom in April. In Autumn 2015, several months after the birth of Prince Nicolas, the entire family moved to London where O'Neill's business is located.[25]

Title, styles and honours

Princess Madeleine's coat of arms.


Madeleine is styled as: Her Royal Highness Princess Madeleine of Sweden, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland.


Swedish honours

See also List of honours of the Swedish Royal Family by country

Foreign honours


See also


  1. "H.K.H. Prinsessan Madeleine - Sveriges Kungahus". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  2. Udo Sponberg "Och så ska det gå till ... - Sverige - Göteborgs-Posten" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2014-01-19.
  3. "Kungahuset - H.K.H Prinsessan Madeleine" (in Swedish).
  4. 1 2 3 "Princess Madeleine profile: news, photos, style, videos and more – HELLO! Online". 1982-06-10. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  5. "Kungahuset - H.K.H Prinsessan Madeleine" (in Swedish).
  6. "Kungahuset - H.K.H Prinsessan Madeleine" (in Swedish).
  7. "Princess Madeleine profile". Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  8. "Engagemang - Sveriges Kungahus". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  9. "John Lane's Notes on Music". Retrieved 2014-01-19.
  10. "Beskyddarskap - Sveriges Kungahus". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  12. 1 2 "Engagement between Princess Madeleine and Mr. Jonas Bergström" (Press release). Royal Court of Sweden. 11 August 2009. Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  13. "Sweden's Princess Madeleine gets engaged". Reuters. 11 August 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  14. Sandberg, Mattias (13 April 2010). "Silvia: Inget bröllop – i år". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  15. "Princess Madeleine breaks up with fiancé". The Local. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  16. "Sound source". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  17. "SWEDISH PRINCESS TO MARRY NEXT JUNE". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
  18. "The Wedding dress". Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  19. "The Princess Couple are expecting a child - Sveriges Kungahus". 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
  20. "Announcement from the Marshal of the Realm - Sveriges Kungahus". 2014-02-20. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  21. "Official Facebook page". Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  22. Kommuniké från Riksmarskalken
  23. "Prinsessan Madeleine gravid". Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  24. "Princess Madeleine registers as a Swedish resident" (Press release). Swedish Royal Court. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  25. "Princess Madeleine of Sweden's London move confirmed". Hello Magazine. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  34. (Spanish) Fotografía 66060 Europapress - Chance. Retrieved on 2014-02-02.
  35. "Medal image". Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  37. "50th anniversary of king Carl Gustav of Sweden in Stockholm Sweden on... Fotografía de noticias 115116367 | Getty Images". 1996-04-30. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  39. "70th anniversary of king Carl Gustav of Sweden in Stockholm Sweden on... Fotografía de noticias 115116367 | Getty Images". 2016-05-02. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  40. State visit of Lula da Silva in 2007, ANP Photo, Madeleine wearing the order
  41. (Portuguese) Insígnias da Ordem de Rio Branco —. Retrieved on 2014-02-02.
  42. "DOU 06/09/2007 - Pg. 7 - Seção 1 | Diário Oficial da União | Diários JusBrasil". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  43. "State Visit from Germany to Sweden; May 20-22, 2003". The Royal Forums. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  44. State visit of Jordan in Sweden (2003), Photo of Prince Carl Philip with Princess Madeleine, both wearing the order
  45. State visit of Jordan in Sweden (2003), Photo of Princess Liliane with Carl Philip, Madeleine & Victoria
  46. State visit of Latvia in Sweden (2005), Gala dinner, Madeleine's photo
  48. "Galamiddag på Kungliga slottet - Sveriges Kungahus". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  49. "Visite d´Etat en Suède - Cour Grand-Ducale de Luxembourg - Avril 2008". 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  50. "73721581 (73721581.jpg) - 256658 - Free Image Hosting at TurboImageHost". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  52. Archived 16 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  53. "Princess Madeleine of Sweden - 2005-09-14 State visit from Malaysia/11-05091435". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  55. "[DNF] Fotoarchief Denieuwsfoto". Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  56. "PPE Agency". PPE Agency. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  57. "ODM of the Republic of Romania: Order of Faithful Service". Retrieved 2014-05-17.
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Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland
Born: 10 June 1982
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince Alexander
Line of succession to the Swedish throne
6th position
Succeeded by
Princess Leonore
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