Princess Louise of France

Louise (Madame Troisième)
Princess of France
Born (1728-07-28)28 July 1728
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 19 February 1733(1733-02-19) (aged 4)
Palace of Versailles, France
Burial Basilica of Saint Denis, Paris, France
Full name
Marie Louise de France
House Bourbon
Father Louis XV of France
Mother Marie Leszczyńska

Marie Louise de France, fille de France (28 July 1728 – 19 February 1733) was a French princess by birth. She was one of ten children.


Born at Versailles, the third child of Louis XV of France and his Queen Marie Leszczyńska, she was known as Madame Troisième until her baptism a few weeks before her death.

Her birth was not greeted with much enthusiasm due to her gender; her father had been hoping for a son to call his Dauphin and thus have an heir to the throne. When it was clear that a girl was born, the anticipated celebrations for the expected Dauphin, were cancelled and Madame Troisième only had a mass sung in the Chapel of Versailles in her honour.

She grew up at Versailles with her older twin sisters Madame Première and Madame Seconde. The following year, 1729, the three children were joined by the Dauphin of France Louis.

The royal family were again joined by another son in 1730, Philippe de France, "duc d'Anjou". In the winter of 1733, Madame Troisième caught a cold; an epidemic occurred at Versailles at the same time. The child was put in the care of the Gascon doctor Monsieur Bouillac; the doctor administered emetics and had the child bled. Madame Troisième was quickly baptised at Versailles and given the names of her parents Marie and the feminine form of Louis, "Louise". She died at Versailles exhausted and was buried at the Royal Basilica of Saint Denis.

Her portrait was painted by Pierre Gobert around 1730. In 1734 a posthumous portrait was painted by Charles-Joseph Natoire who represented her with her sister, the future Madame Adélaïde.

She has been called Louise over time.


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

See also

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