Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark

Frederica Amalia of Denmark
Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp
Tenure 1667 - 1695
Born 11 April 1649
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died 30 October 1704(1704-10-30) (aged 55)
Kiel, Germany
Spouse Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Issue Sophie Amalie, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Christian August, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Marie Elisabeth, Abbess of Quedlinburg
House Oldenburg
Father Frederick III of Denmark
Mother Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark (11 April 1649 30 October 1704) was the second daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp from 1667 to 1695 as the consort of Duke Christian Albert.


Frederica portrayed in her youth at the Danish court

Frederica Amalie was a daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and his wife, Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her father had been crowned king on 23 November 1648, about five months before she was born.

She was married at Glücksburg Castle on 24 October 1667 to Duke Christian Albert of Holstein-Gottorp as part of a peace treaty between Denmark and Holstein-Gottorp, but the hostile parties continued to fight. The marriage was unhappy, with Frederica Amalia often tormented by the frequent disagreements between her brother, Christian V of Denmark, and her spouse. She was reportedly well known to be badly treated by Christian Albert, while the Danish royal family gave her all sorts of personal privileges and proofs of affection.

The couple visited her sister, the Swedish queen Ulrika Eleonora. Her visits to Sweden inspired great parties and festivities at the otherwise strict Swedish court, and were much appreciated. She became a widow in 1694. As her sons were also anti-Danish, the conflict between Denmark and Holstein-Gottorp continued to put her in a difficult position also as a widow; when she died in her residence in Kiel in 1704, a conflict between Holstein-Gottorp and Denmark about the proper way to ring the bells at her funeral almost provoked war between the two states.


With Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, she had four children:

  1. Sophie Amalie (19 January 1670 27 February 1710), married on 7 July 1695 to Duke Augustus William of Brunswick-Lüneburg. No issue.
  2. Frederick (18 October 1671 – 19 July 1702), succeeded his father as Duke Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp.
  3. Christian August (11 January 1673 24 April 1726), succeeded his brother as Duke Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp.
  4. Marie Elisabeth (21 March 1678 17 July 1755), Abbess of Quedlinburg.



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Preceded by
Marie Elisabeth of Saxony
Duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp
Succeeded by
Hedvig Sophia of Sweden
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