Nicholas, Crown Prince of Montenegro
Nicholas II of Montenegro
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Nikola II Petrović-Njegoš, Crown Prince of Montenegro (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Петровић-Његош; Serbian Latin: Nikola Petrović-Njegoš; born 7 July 1944) is the Head of the House of Petrović-Njegoš which once reigned over Montenegro. He is Hereditary Grand Master of the Dynastic Orders of Petrović-Njegoš, St. Peter of Cetinje and Prince Danilo I of Montenegro.
In 2011 Montenegro recognized an official role for the Royal House of Petrović-Njegoš in Montenegro: to promote Montenegrin identity, culture and traditions through cultural, humanitarian and other non-political activities.
The title of the Crown Prince is usually only borne by those persons who held it legally under monarchy and by courtesy after the monarchy ended (as in the case of his second cousin once removed, Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia). Nicholas II was born decades after Montenegro became a part of Yugoslavia and was thus officially never a Crown Prince as he was never an heir apparent or presumptive of a reigning sovereign. Nevertheless, this assumed title was never disputed by anyone and is considered as held by courtesy.
Prince Nikola II descends from Danilo Petrović-Njegoš who obtained the hereditary Dignity of Vladika (Prince-Bishop) of Montenegro in 1711 when it became a theocracy. Danilo I Petrović-Njegoš was recognized as Sovereign Prince of Montenegro by Russia on 21 March 1852, and established succession by male primogeniture. His successor, Prince Nikola I assumed the style of Royal Highness on 19 December 1900, and the title of King 28 August 1910.
During World War I the Petrović Njegoš family were forced to flee the country in 1915 after the Army of Montenegro was overwhelmed by the troops of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the end of the war, the Kingdom of Serbia annexed Montenegro while abolishing the Kingdom of Montenegro and deposing the Petrović Njegoš dynasty.
The family made their home in France where Nikola I of Montenegro died in exile in 1921. The same year, King Nikola's maternal grandson, Alexandar Karađorđević (Prince Nikola I's cousin) became king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, of which Montenegro had become a part. Though the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was proclaimed on 13 November 1918, it was never recognized by Nikola I, who maintained a government-in-exile, which was headed by the ex-king's former aide-de-camp and ambassador to Washington, General Anto Gvozdenović, until the Conference of Ambassadors at Paris gave international recognition to the union 13 July 1922.
Nikola I's heir at death was his eldest son, Prince Danilo (titular King Danilo II), who "abdicated" after one week, and the family's dynastic claim was taken up by his grandson, Michael, Prince of Montenegro, the titular King Mihajlo I, who was the father of Prince Nikola II and died in exile in 1986.
Though Prince Nikola II is de jure King of Montenegro he uses the style of "His Royal Highness Crown Prince" or "His Royal Highness Prince Nikola II of Montenegro."
Prince Nikola II is the only son and heir of the late Prince Michael of Montenegro, Grand-Duke of Grahovo and Zeta, who lived in exile until his death in 1986, and Geneviève Prigent (1919-1991), a French citizen. Prince Michael was regarded by Montenegro's monarchists as king from 7 March 1921. (Nikola's parents married on 27 January 1941 and divorced in Paris, France, on 11 August 1949).
Nikola was an active participant in the campaign for the restoration of Montenegro's independence, preceding the referendum on the separation of the former kingdom from the provisional State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
Prince Nikola made public pronouncements of his willingness to return to the Montenegrin throne if that were the wish of the people. In July 2010 the government of Montenegro made a formal offer to provide Nikola with a €3,000 monthly stipend (equal to that of the President), granting his family with an annual €300,000 civil list, a formal residence in Cetinje and the return of the Petrović Njegoš historic family home in Njeguši. This offer was rejected because Nikola believed that the proposal did not deal adequately with the issue of property compensation, as more than thirty properties were alleged to have been confiscated from the dynasty after the monarchy was overthrown. Furthermore, he believed that the bill would prevent the dynasty from participating in political life and restrict the ability of members of the dynasty to speak freely about certain subjects. He also said that the civil list amount that was announced in the press was not actually contained in the proposed version of the bill that he was shown.
Nikola was educated in France. In 1964 he was admitted to the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and between 1965 and 1967 he attended training courses in several architectural practices. Between 1967 and 1971 he worked on several architectural projects, including a winter sports resort in Avoriaz, France, and with Shamaï Haber on several university science faculties.
In 1971, he was awarded a diploma in Architecture and admitted to the Société Française des Architectes. Nikola has stated that he wishes to construct the first eco-built residence in Montenegro when designing his family's new home in Cetinje.
Marriage and children
- Princess Altinaï of Montenegro, born at Les Lilas, Seine-Saint-Denis on 27 October 1977. She married on 12 May 2009 Anton Martynov. The couple has a son:
- Nikolai Martynov, born on 30 September 2009.
- Prince Boris of Montenegro, Hereditary Prince of Montenegro, Grand-Duke (Voivode) of Grahovo and Zeta, born at Les Lilas on 21 January 1980. He married on 12 May 2007 Véronique Haillot Canas da Silva (born on 27 July 1976). The couple has one daughter:
- Princess Milena of Montenegro, born on 11 February 2008.
Decorations and honours
- Grand Master and Grand Cross of the Order of Petrović Njegoš (OPN)
- Grand Master and Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Peter of Cetinje (OStP)
- Grand Master and Knight Grand Cross with Diamond Star and Collar of the Order of Prince Danilo I of Montenegro (GCDO)
- Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
- Italian Red Cross Gold Medal
- Knight of the Supreme Order of the Holy Annunciation
- Grand Cross Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Savoy
- Grand Cross Order of Our Lady of the Conception of Vila Viçosa, Portugal
- Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I, Two Sicilies
- Golden Medal of Honour of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, Two Sicilies.
- Grand Collar of the Order of the Eagle of Georgia and the Tunic of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Coat of arms
He bears the Montenegrin Coat of Arms, which can be seen at the centre of the Flag of Montenegro. The Royal Coat of Arms is borne by the head of the Petrović Njegoš Dynasty, and differs from the family Coat of Arms.
The Constitution of 2007 maintained "the tradition" of King Nikola I: the adopted Coat of Arms was a crowned silver eagle with the sara in one and the scepter in the other claw, and charged on its breast was a red shield with the lion passant.
The 2011 Law on the Status of the Descendants of the Petrović Njegoš Dynasty states that Prince Nikola II "may use the heraldic symbols of the Petrović Njegoš dynasty" (Article 6).
In Petrović Njegoš's standard there is a red background bordered by white, with the double-headed eagle and the initials in Cyrillic N. I. I. (Nikola II) on its breast, with the lion passant underneath. This standard is flown over the Prince’s palace at Cetinje. It is also used as a distinguishing insignia on vehicles, ships, aircraft and in the Military. The other version is a tricolor with initials NII and a crown on top.
|Ancestors of Nicholas, Crown Prince of Montenegro|
Radio-interviews and documentary films
- The Njegoskij Fund Network: "A Prince in Paris", radio-interview by Sonia Zoran for the Radio Suisse Romande (RSR) - La Première (Switzerland, May 27, 2007).
- The Njegoskij Fund Network: "The Independence of Montenegro", radio-interview by Pierre Maisonneuve for Radio-Canada - Première Chaîne (Montréal, Québec, Canada, May 22, 2006).
- The Njegoskij Fund Network: "The man who did not want to be king", documentary film by Anne Georget for France 3 TV channel (France, September 16, 1995).
- The Njegoskij Fund Network: "The 1991’s appeal of Prince Nicolas Petrovitch Njegosh" on Radio France Internationale (RFI) (France, 1991).
- Zakon o statusu potomaka dinastije Petrović Njegoš
- Les Courrier des Balkan, Montenegro celebrates 100 years of the kingdom without an heir of the dynasty Petrovic Njegos. August 30 2010
- "The Crown Prince was invested with the Bailiff Grand Cross of the Order of Malta"
- "His Royal Highness was invested with the Grand Cross of the Italian Red Cross"
- Supreme Order of the Holy Annunciation
- Njegoskij|org :: "Exchange of protocols between the Royal House of Montenegro and the IRoyal House of Georgia"
- Crown Prince was created an Honorary Citizen of the City of Agrigento
- Héraldique Européenne
- Zakon o statusu potomaka dinastije Petrović Njegoš
Nicholas, Crown Prince of MontenegroBorn: 7 July 1944
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
King of Montenegro
24 March 1986 – present