Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
|Prince Antônio Gastão|
|Prince of Brazil|
Prince Antoine d'Orleans et Braganza, MC
Portrait by William Orpen, 1918
August 9, 1881|
November 29, 1918 37) (aged|
Edmonton, London, United Kingdom
|Burial||Royal Chapel, Dreux, France|
|House||House of Orléans-Braganza|
|Father||Prince Gaston, Count of Eu|
|Mother||Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil|
Captain Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza MC; (Portuguese: Antônio Gastão de Orléans e Bragança; 9 August 1881 – 29 November 1918) was a Brazilian prince who served in the forces of the British Empire during World War I.
Antônio was born in Paris, the third and last son of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and her husband Gaston of Orléans, count of Eu. His father was a grandson of the last Bourbon king of France, Louis Philippe I, and his mother was the eldest daughter and heir of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. He was baptized on 27 August 1881. His full name was Antônio Gastão Luiz Filipe Francisco de Assis Maria Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga; his family affectionately called him "Totó".
After his grandfather was deposed in a military coup in Brazil, he and his family were sent into exile in Europe. As a child he was chronically sick with bronchitis. He was educated in Paris, and at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. After graduation, he was a Hussar lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian Army between 1908 and 1914.
When World War I broke out, Antônio was prevented from joining the French armed forces by a law that forbade members of the deposed French royal family from serving in the military. Instead, he was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Dragoons where he served attached to the Royal Flying Corps as a pilot and intelligence officer. He was awarded the Military Cross in 1915, and was promoted to Captain in 1918. He was aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Seely, commander of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade.
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Pedro I of Brazil
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Rose of Brazil
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Christ of Portugal
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III of Spain
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of Bulgaria
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Rising Sun of Japan
- Natal Native Rebellion Medal with clasp of South Africa
- Knight of the Legion of Honour of France
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 51. ISBN 0-85011-023-8.
- Barman, Roderick J. (2002). Princess Isabel of Brazil: gender and power in the nineteenth century. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources. p. 158. ISBN 0-8420-2846-3.
- Barman, p. 212
- Barman, pp. 176, 212
- Barman, p. 220
- Barman, p. 229
- "Orleans and Braganza Prince of, Antoine Gaston Philippe". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- Barman, p. 230
- Royal Ark