Premier of Queensland

Premier of Queensland

State badge of Queensland
Annastacia Palaszczuk

since 14 February 2015
Style The Honourable
Member of Australian Labor Party
Seat Inala
Appointer Governor of Queensland
Term length At the Governor's pleasure
Inaugural holder Robert Herbert
Formation 10 December 1859
Salary $380,000 per annum

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the state of Queensland, Australia.

By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

The incumbent Premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Australian Labor Party.

Constitutional role

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.

Premier's office

The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in the Executive Building a short distance down George Street.

List of Premiers of Queensland

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

Name Portrait Took Office Affiliation
1st Robert Herbert 10 December 1859 Squatter Conservative
2nd Arthur Macalister 1 February 1866 none
_ Robert Herbert (second time) 20 July 1866 Squatter Conservative
_ Arthur Macalister (second time) 7 August 1866 none
3rd Robert Mackenzie 15 August 1867 Squatter Conservative
4th Charles Lilley 25 November 1868 Liberal
5th Arthur Palmer 3 May 1870 Squatter Conservative
_ Arthur Macalister, CMG (third time) 8 January 1874 Liberal
6th George Thorn 5 June 1876 Liberal
7th John Douglas, CMG 8 March 1877 Liberal
8th Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 21 January 1879 Conservative
9th Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC 13 November 1883 Liberal
_ Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG (second time) 13 June 1888 Conservative
10th Boyd Dunlop Morehead 30 November 1888 Conservative
_ Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC (second time) 12 August 1890 Liberal
_ Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG (third time) 27 March 1893 Conservative
11th Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG 27 October 1893 Ministerial
12th Thomas Joseph Byrnes 13 April 1898 Ministerial
13th James Dickson 1 October 1898 Ministerial
14th Anderson Dawson 1 December 1899 Labour
15th Sir Robert Philp, KCMG 7 December 1899 Ministerial
16th Arthur Morgan 17 September 1903 Liberal
17th William Kidston 19 January 1906 Labour; Kidston
_ Sir Robert Philp, KCMG (second time) 19 November 1907 Conservative
_ William Kidston (second time) 18 February 1908 Kidston; Ministerial
18th Digby Denham 7 February 1911 Ministerial
19th Thomas Joseph Ryan, KC 1 June 1915 Labor
20th Ted Theodore 22 October 1919 Labor
21st William Gillies 26 February 1925 Labor
22nd William McCormack 22 October 1925 Labor
23rd Arthur Edward Moore, CMG 21 May 1929 CPNP
24th William Forgan Smith 17 June 1932 Labor
25th Frank Cooper 16 September 1942 Labor
26th Ned Hanlon 7 March 1946 Labor
27th Vince Gair 17 January 1952 Labor; QLP
28th Sir Francis Nicklin, KCMG, MM 12 August 1957 Country
29th Jack Pizzey 17 January 1968 Country
30th Sir Gordon Chalk, KBE 1 August 1968 Liberal
31st Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG 8 August 1968 Country/National
32nd Mike Ahern 1 December 1987 National
33rd Russell Cooper 25 September 1989 National
34th Wayne Goss 7 December 1989 Labor
35th Rob Borbidge 19 February 1996 National
36th Peter Beattie 20 June 1998 Labor
37th Anna Bligh 13 September 2007 Labor
38th Campbell Newman 26 March 2012 Liberal National
39th Annastacia Palaszczuk 14 February 2015 Labor

Living former premiers

As of February 2015, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.

NameTerm as premierDate of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–1989 2 June 1942
Russell Cooper 1989 4 February 1941
Rob Borbidge 1996–1998 12 August 1954
Peter Beattie 1998–2007 18 November 1952
Anna Bligh 2007–2012 14 July 1960
Campbell Newman 2012–2015 12 August 1963

Graphical timeline

Annastacia Palaszczuk Campbell Newman Anna Bligh Peter Beattie Rob Borbidge Wayne Goss Russell Cooper Michael Ahern (Australian politician) Joh Bjelke-Petersen Gordon Chalk Jack Pizzey Francis Nicklin Vince Gair Ned Hanlon (politician) Frank Cooper William Forgan Smith Arthur Edward Moore William McCormack William Gillies (Australian politician) Ted Theodore T. J. Ryan Digby Denham William Kidston Arthur Morgan (Queensland politician) Robert Philp Anderson Dawson James Dickson Thomas Joseph Byrnes Hugh Nelson Boyd Morehead Samuel Griffith Thomas McIlwraith John Douglas (Queensland politician) George Thorn Arthur Hunter Palmer Charles Lilley Robert Mackenzie (Queensland politician) Arthur Macalister Robert Herbert World War II World War I

See also


    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Premiers of Queensland.
    This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/15/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.