Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, issued by King Charles VII of France, on 7 July 1438, required a General Church Council, with authority superior to that of the papacy, to be held every ten years, required election rather than appointment to ecclesiastical offices, prohibited the pope from bestowing and profiting from benefices, and forbade appeals to the Roman Curia from places further than two days' journey from Rome. The Pragmatic Sanction further stipulated that interdict could not be placed on cities unless the entire community was culpable. The king accepted many of the decrees of the Council of Basel without endorsing its efforts to coerce Pope Eugene IV.
The Gallican church, in the eyes of some, declared administrative independence from the church in Rome, suppressed the payment of annates to Rome and forbade papal intervention in the appointment of French prelates. While this resulted in a loss of papal power in France, the movement of conciliarists itself was divided. In 1449, the Council of Basel was dissolved, and the Concilliar Movement suffered a nearly fatal blow.
The popes, especially Pius II, lobbied for the repeal of the Pragmatic Sanction, and the French crown used promises of repeal as an inducement to the papacy to embrace policies favoring its interests, especially its military campaigns in the Italian peninsula. The Pragmatic Sanction was eventually superseded by agreements made between the French crown and Rome, especially the 1516 Concordat of Bologna.
- "The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges" in Ehler, Sidney Z., and John B. Morrall. Church and State through the Centuries: A Collection of Historic Documents with Commentaries. London: Burns & Oates, 1954.
- Knecht, R. J. Francis I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982, p. 52.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article Pragmatic Sanction.|
- Noël Valois, Histoire de la Pragmatique sanction de Bourges sous Charles VII
(Paris: Picard, 1906).