Portrait of Paquius Proculo
The fresco depicts a pair of middle-class Pompeians, almost certainly husband and wife. They are commonly referred to as "Paquius Proculus and his wife", due to an inscription found on the outside of the house, although a graffito inside the house later revealed the man to be Terentius Neo. (The external inscription turned out to be an election advertisement for Paquius Proculus, a baker who had been elected duumviri some time prior to the eruption.)
The man in the fresco wears a toga, the mark of a Roman citizen; and holds a rotulus, suggesting he is involved in public and/or cultural affairs. The woman holds a stylus and wax tablet, emphasizing that she is educated and literate. It is suspected, based on the physical features of the couple, that they are Samnites, which may explain the desire to show off the status they have reached in Roman society.