The main shopping precinct
|Coordinates||38°22′0″S 142°14′0″E / 38.36667°S 142.23333°ECoordinates: 38°22′0″S 142°14′0″E / 38.36667°S 142.23333°E|
|Population||2,835 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Moyne|
|State electorate(s)||South-West Coast|
Port Fairy /pɔːt ˈfɛəri/ is a coastal town in south-western Victoria, Australia. It lies on the Princes Highway in the Shire of Moyne, 28 kilometres (17 mi) west of Warrnambool and 290 kilometres (180 mi) west of Melbourne, at the point where the Moyne River enters the Southern Ocean.
In the early 19th century whalers and seal hunters used the coast in this region. The bay was named by the crew of the whaler The Fairy in 1828.
John Griffiths established a whaling station in 1835 and a store was opened in 1839. In 1843, James Atkinson, a Sydney solicitor, purchased land in the town by special survey. He drained the swamps, subdivided and leased the land, and built a harbour on the Moyne River. He named the town "Belfast" after his hometown in Ireland. The post office opened on 1 July 1843 (the post office actually opened in 1837 as "Port Fairy" but was renamed "Belfast" on 1 January 1854 before reverting to the original name on 20 July 1887.)
Agriculture developed in the region, and Belfast became an important transport hub. By 1857 the town had a population of 2,190. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Belfast was one of Australia's largest ports, catering to the whaling industry. In 1887 the town was renamed Port Fairy as a result of an Act of Parliament.
A railway was extended to the town in 1890, but closed in 1977. It has been converted into the Port Fairy to Warrnambool Rail Trail.
At the 2011 census, Port Fairy had a population of 2,835. Its main industries are tourism and fishing, and it is the home port for one of Victoria's largest fishing fleets. A pharmaceutical factory owned by GlaxoSmithKline is located on the outskirts of the town. Port Fairy is home to two Primary school education facilities, The Port Fairy Consolidated School  and St. Patricks Parish Primary School.
Port Fairy was voted as one of the world's most livable cities with a population under 20,000 after winning the 2012 International LivCom award.
Port Fairy has a rich history and 50 buildings are protected by the National Trust of Australia. Griffiths Island nearby holds a breeding colony of the short-tailed shearwater or Australian muttonbird.
The Port Fairy Folk Festival is held during the Labour Day long weekend in March each year. The festival has run continuously since 1977. In 2016, Port Fairy will celebrate the 40th edition of the Folk Festival from 11 to 14 March. Over the 40 festivals there have been around 3,500 acts including over 500 international acts and over 12,000 musicians to an audience of beyond 240,000 ticket holders and 1,000,000 attendees.
Some of the most popular acts, include that of Rick E Vengeance. Rick E Vengeance first appeared as a performer in 1977. Every year, thousands flock to the Sheebeen bar to see Rick perform a range of classic sing-a-long tunes on the Sunday night of the Folk Festival. Also accompanying his act, a small entertaining karaoke section takes place, where members from the audience have the opportunity to perform a song of their choice.
The other major celebration in the town is the Moyneyana festival, held over summer from Christmas Eve to 26 January.
Port Fairy also has a highly rated 18-hole links golf course, the Port Fairy Golf Club, situated on Woodbine Road.
The town has an Australian rules football team, the Port Fairy Seagulls, which plays in the Hampden Football League.
Port Fairy has many surfing spots for all skill levels including the Old Passage, a right hand rocky break at the old entrance to the Moyne river; the Lighthouse, a right-hand point break off Griffiths island; and the East Beach with many right and left beach breaks.
Notable people from Port Fairy
- Kurt Smith (1986-) Folk Singer
- Denis Napthine, Premier of Victoria 2013–2014
- T. J. Ryan, Premier of Queensland 1915–1919
- John Coleman (1928–1973), Australian rules footballer
- Brian Dunlop (1938–2009), painter
- The Stag Inn, currently the Seacombe House hotel, was built in 1847 by Captain John Sanders. The external appearance is little changed from the time of its opening
- The harbour on the Moyne River
- Moyne River, Port Fairy
- 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Port Fairy (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- ↑ Butler, S., ed. (2009). "Port Fairy". Macquarie Dictionary (5th ed.). Sydney: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers Pty Ltd. ISBN 978-1-876429-66-9.
- ↑ "Portland Bay Extracts", The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 4, 23 March 1843, retrieved 13 February 2011, quoting the Portland Mercury
- ↑ "Griffiths, John (1801–1881)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 1. Canberra: Australian National University. 1966. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
- ↑ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
- ↑ Sid Brown (March 1990), "Tracks Across the State", Newsrail, Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division), pp. 71–76.
- ↑ http://pfc.vic.edu.au, retrieved 5 August 2015 Missing or empty
- ↑ http://www3.spportfairy.catholic.edu.au, retrieved 5 August 2015 Missing or empty
- ↑ John Davis, Port Fairy, retrieved 3 May 2014
- ↑ http://www.portfairyfolkfestival.com/port-fairy-2016/the-40th-port-fairy-tales-project. Retrieved 5 August 2015. Missing or empty
- ↑ Golf Select, Port Fairy, retrieved 11 May 2009
- ↑ Full Point Footy, Port Fairy, archived from the original on 6 October 2008, retrieved 25 July 2008
- ↑ http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/brian-dunlop-was-a-classical-painter-in-western-tradition/story-e6frg8n6-1225811498755
- ↑ "A rollicking good tale". Seacombe House website. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
Media related to Port Fairy, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons
- Visit Port Fairy Moyne Shire - official tourism website
- History and overview of the town today
- Things To Do in Port Fairy - Fishing Charters
- Port Fairy Folk Festival
- Tuna Fishing Port Fairy