|Comune di Pontebba|
Location of Pontebba in Italy
|Coordinates: 46°30′N 13°19′E / 46.500°N 13.317°ECoordinates: 46°30′N 13°19′E / 46.500°N 13.317°E|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Province of Udine (UD)|
|Frazioni||Aupa, Frattis, Lagleise San Leopoldo, Studena Alta, Studena Bassa, Pietratagliata|
|• Mayor||Isabella De Monte|
|• Total||97.7 km2 (37.7 sq mi)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||17/km2 (45/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Natività di Maria|
|Saint day||September 8|
Pontebba, named after Italian: ponte meaning "bridge", is situated at the confluence of the Pontebbana creek and the Fella River, itself a tributary of the Tagliamento. It is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Udine, near the border with Austria. As of 31 December 2004, Pontebba had a population of 1,683 and an area of 97.7 square kilometres (37.7 sq mi).
The municipality contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Aupa, Frattis, Laglesie San Leopoldo, Studena Alta, Studena Bassa and Pietratagliata.
From the early 10th century onward, Pontebbana Creek formed the border between the March of Verona, the former Lombard Duchy of Friuli to the south, and the Bavarian March of Carinthia to the north. After the 1420 conquest of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, the settlement of Pontebba south of the creek belonged to the Domini di Terraferma of Venice. The corresponding settlement of Pontafel north of the bridge belonged to the Carinthian Canal Valley, an exclave held by the Imperial Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg, which was incorporated into the Inner Austrian territories of the Habsburg dynasty in 1759.
After World War I according to the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the border of the Kingdom of Italy with the Republic of Austria was shifted up the Canal Valley north to the town of Tarvisio. The two settlements of Pontebba and Pontafel finally merged on 15 August 1924. During World War II, the rail line through the town was the target of heavy aerial bombardment by the United States Army Air Forces because it was used by Germany to transport supplies to Italy. However, the aerial bombardment did not succeed in damaging the rail line, which is still in use today.
Aquile Friuli-Venezia Giulia, the region's flagship ice hockey team, plays its home games at the PalaVuerich arena in Pontebba and is affiliated with the local ice sports society Sport Ghiaccio Pontebba. The team is a member of the Serie A and won the 2008 Italian Cup.
Pontebba can be reached via the A23 autostrada, European route E55, running from Palmanova and the A4 to Tarvisio and the Austrian A2 Süd Autobahn, as well as by the parallel Strada Statale 13 Pontebbana. Here the Strade Provinciale 110 to the Naßfeld Pass (Italian: Passo di Pramollo) branches off.
The Pontebba train station is at the new Pontebbana railway line from Udine to Tarvisio and the Austrian border. Opened in 2000 it replaces the old k.k. Staatsbahn Tarvis-Pontafel built in 1879.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
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