Poltava Governorate

Poltava Governorate
Полтавская губернiя
Governorate of Russian Empire



An old map showing the Poltava Governorate.
Capital Poltava
  Established 27 February 1802
  Disestablished 1 August 1925
  (1897) 49,365 km2 (19,060 sq mi)
  (1897) 2,778,151 
Density 56.3 /km2  (145.8 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions uezds: 15 (1803)
Ukrainian administrative division just before the revolution

The Poltava Governorate (Russian: Полтавская губернiя; translit.: Poltavskaya guberniya, Ukrainian: Полтавська Губернія) or Government of Poltava was a guberniya in the historical Left-bank Ukraine region of the Russian Empire, which was officially created in 1802 from the disbanded Malorossiya Governorate which was split between the Chernigov Governorate and Poltava Governorate with an administrative center of Poltava.

Administrative division

It was administered by 15 uezds (povits):

Most of these ended up in the modern Poltava Oblast of Ukraine, although some: Zolotonosha, Konstantinograd, Pereyaslav and Romny are now part of Cherkasy, Kharkiv, Kiev and Sumy Oblasts respectively.

The Poltava Governorate covered a total area of 49,365 km², and had a population of 2,778,151 according to the 1897 Russian Empire census. It was bordering the following Russian Governorates: Chernigov Governorate and Kursk Governorate to the north, Kiev Governorate to the west, Kharkov Governorate to the east, Kherson Governorate and Yekaterinoslav Governorate to the south. In 1914, the population was 2,794,727. After the formation of the Ukrainian SSR, the territory was wholly included into the new Soviet Republic. Initially the governorate system was retained although variations included the Kremenchug Governorate which was temporarily formed on its territory (August 1920 – December 1922), and the passing of the Pereyaslav uezd to the Kiev Governorate. However, on Third of June 1925 the guberniya was liquidated and replaced by five okrugs (which already were the uyezd subdivision as of seventh of March 1923): Kremenchutsky, Lubensky, Poltavsky, Prylutsky and Romensky (the rest two okrugs existed within the guberniya, Zolotonoshsky and Krasnohradsky, were also liquidated).

Principal cities

Russian Census of 1897, the cities of more than 10,000 people. In bold are the cities of over 50,000.


Language Number percentage (%) males females
Ukrainian 2,583,133 92.98
Yiddish 110,352 3.97
Russian 72 941 2.63
German 4 579 0.16
Polish 3 891 0.14
Belorussian 1 344 0.05
that did not identified
their native language
92 <0.01
Other[2] 1 819 0.07


Religion Number percentage (%) males females
Eastern Orthodox 2,654,645 95.55
Judaism 110,944 3.99
Other[4] (Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Old Believers) 12 562 0.45


  1. Language Statistics of 1897 (Russian)
  2. Languages, number of speakers which in all gubernia were less than 1000
  3. Religion Statistics of 1897 (Russian)
  4. Religions, number of believers which in all gubernia were less than 10000

Coordinates: 49°34′28″N 34°34′07″E / 49.5744°N 34.5686°E / 49.5744; 34.5686

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