Polish presidential election, 1989

Polish presidential election, 1989 took place on July 19, 1989, and was notable for several reasons. First of all the office of President of the Republic of Poland had been reestablished after a period of Communist rule. Second of all this was the last time when President was elected by Parliament (joint houses of Sejm and Senate). Finally, despite adoption of the democratic system there was only one candidate.

After Round Table Agreement, which resulted in a semi-free parliamentary election, marked by effective Solidarity victory and de facto loss of the Polish United Workers' Party, on July 4, 1989, Adam Michnik proposed a power-sharing deal between communist and the democratic opposition (Your President, our Prime Minister), according to which Chairman of the Council of State and Communist leader Wojciech Jaruzelski would become President and a solidarity representative Prime Minister (this position indeed went to Tadeusz Mazowiecki in August). After much debate within both camps this conception won.

Jaruzelski ran unopposed, but won by just a one-vote majority needed, as many Solidarity MPs, while supporting the agreement, felt just unable to cast their votes or, to not disturb the process, cast abstain or invalid votes.

Candidate Supported by For Against Abstain
Votes % Votes % Votes %
Wojciech Jaruzelski PZPR, ZSL, SD, PAX Association, UChS, PZKS 270 50,28% 233 43,39% 34 6,33%
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