Polegate shown within East Sussex
|Area||7.3 km2 (2.8 sq mi)|
|– density||2,853/sq mi (1,102/km2)|
|OS grid reference||TQ587058|
|– London||49 miles (79 km) NNW|
|Shire county||East Sussex|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Polegate is a town and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England, United Kingdom. It is located five miles (8 km) north of the seaside resort of Eastbourne, and is part of the greater area of that town. Although once a railway settlement, its importance as such has now waned with closures of routes. The parish of Polegate had a population of 8586 on the 2011 census of which 41.2% were aged 65 and over.
Until the coming of the railways in the 1840s, Polegate was a small settlement within the parish of Hailsham. The Roman road from Pevensey to Lewes passed through here, and the turnpike between London and Eastbourne was developed in the 18th century; but it was the opening of the railway between Lewes and Hastings, with later branches to Eastbourne and Hailsham, that meant growth for Polegate. It became a significant junction, with a freight terminal serving both the nearby market town of Hailsham and the local brick making industry. The town grew partly to accommodate the railway employees.
In the 12th century, the Premonstratensian order of monks occupied Otham Abbey in the parish, before relocating around 1208 to Bayham Abbey, near Lamberhurst. Two buildings remain of that time, Otteham Court and its Chapel.
In 1851 a church school was established in Polegate.
St John's Church was opened on 10 November 1876. The site of the church and the parsonage was donated by Mr Fuller-Meyrick, owner of the Brightling Park Estate. The separate parish of St John's was formed on 26 October 1937, with the first vicar being Rev. John Catterall Salisbury (he had been curate since 1933). In 2013 the Parsonage building in Church Road was sold by the Diocese.
In the 21st century, with the closure of the line to Hailsham and the once direct route to Hastings, its importance as a railway hub has gone. It remains a road junction, with the erstwhile turnpike now being the A22 road; the junction with the A27 lies within the town boundary.
There are four streets in today's Polegate named for the Levett family (Levett Close, Levett Road, Levett Avenue and Levett Way). The Anglo-Norman family were early Sussex landowners, and held manors and lands across the county, including Firle, Bodiam, Hollington and elsewhere. The family's lands were carried into the families of Gildredge (and then to the Davies-Gilbert family of Eastbourne), the Eversfields of St. Leonards-on-Sea, the Ashburnhams, the Chaloners and others.
Polegate is located on a ridge in the gap between the Weald to the north and the South Downs. To the east lie the Pevensey Levels, the one time bay now converted into farmland with the buildup of the coastal shingle bank during the early Middle Ages. Both the roads and the railway use the gap.
The town is gradually becoming part of the greater Eastbourne conurbation, connecting with Willingdon to the south. Many of the town's working population work away: either in Eastbourne or Willingdon.
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
Polegate is split into two wards for local elections, North and South Polegate. North Polegate with 4000 electors is twice the size of South Polegate's 2000 electors, returning twice as many councillors. The Parish is represented at the lowest tier by Polegate Town Council. Fifteen councillors are elected from the two wards every four years. Public meetings are held monthly at the council chambers in Polegate. The 2007 election returned twelve councillors representing the Polegate residents association, two Liberal Democrats and an Independent.
The district council for Polegate is Wealden District Council. District council elections are held every four years. Fifty-five councillors in total are elected, three of these from the Polegate wards. The May 2007 election returned 34 Conservative, 12 Liberal Democrat, 3 Independent Democrat, 3 Wealden Independent, 2 Green Party and 1 no party allegiance. The Polegate councillors parties were 2 Liberal Democrats and 1 Independent Democrat.
The next tier of government is the East Sussex County Council with responsibility for education, libraries, social services, civil registration, trading standards and transport. Elections for the County Council are held every four years. For these elections Polegate is combined with Willingdon and East Dean to return two seats. The 2009 East Sussex County Council election resulted in 29 Conservatives, 13 Liberal Democrats, 4 Labour and 3 Independent, of which the Polegate, Willingdon and East Dean ward provided two Independent councillors.
At European level, Polegate is represented by the South-East region, which holds ten seats in the European Parliament. The June 2004 election returned 4 Conservatives, 2 Liberal Democrats, 2 UK Independence, 1 Labour and 1 Green, none of whom live in East Sussex.
Chaucer Industrial Business Park Estate is located on Dittons Road where the major part of Polegate's industrial businesses are located. A number of small-town shops and businesses occupy the High Street, including a supermarket, hair salons, and convenience store, as well a Premier Inn hotel to the north of the town.
The tower windmill was built in 1817. It is now a working museum.
Sport and leisure
There are two recreation grounds in Polegate, The Brightling Road Recreation Ground to the east of the town and The War Memorial Recreation Ground so the south of the town in Wannock Road.
- The Brightling Road Recreation Ground, also known as the William Daily Recreation Ground has a BMX Track, a Skate Park and a woodland area with open ground for sports.
- The War Memorial Recreation Ground is an open field with a basketball hoop and a playground for children.
The local football team, Polegate Town FC, currently plays each Saturday at the War Memorial Recreational Ground. The club currently has two teams, with the 1st team playing in the Mid Sussex League Championship Division, and the 2nd team in Division 5. The club reformed in 2006 after an absence of five years without a Polegate team. In 2008, the club moved back to the Rec, having played its first two seasons on Eastbourne Council pitches. The club have enjoyed various successes since reforming, most recently winning the Blacklands Finance Challenge Cup. In 2015, the club will celebrate its centenary, as the earliest known Polegate team was first established in 1915 (a photo of this team can be seen in the pavilion at the War Memorial Recreational Ground).
Polegate also have a successful Cricket team, Polegate and Stone Cross Cricket Club, who use the same pitch during the summer months.
The railway arrived in Polegate in 1846, built by the London Brighton and South Coast Railway on the extension from Brighton to Hastings. In 1849 branches extended to Eastbourne and Hailsham (later to Eridge). The line to Hailsham was nicknamed the Cuckoo Line by railway workers. Both that and the direct link to Hastings are now closed. The present Polegate railway station is served by the Southern (train operating company) with regular train services to London, Brighton, Eastbourne, Hastings and Ashford International.
Bus services are provided by
- Stagecoach in Eastbourne: Routes 51, 52, 54 and 56
- Stagecoach in Hastings: Route 98
- Compass Travel: Route 143
- Renown Coaches: Route 126
- Cuckmere Buses: Several weekly routes from local villages also serve most roads in Polegate
There are four churches in Polegate: the Church of England parish church, dedicated to St John; the Roman Catholic church of St George; a Seventh-day Adventist Church; and a United Reformed Church.Quakers also meet at the Bernard Baron Homes.
Polegate is covered by BBC Sussex, Heart Sussex and Sovereign FM. Local newspapers include the Eastbourne Herald, Eastbourne Gazette, Hailsham Gazette and the Sussex Express; all published by Beckett Newspapers’
- David Dimbleby, television commentator, who included the town as a destination in his 2007 television series How We Built Britain; Denis Healey, politician and writer, both have links with the town.
- Tim Rice-Oxley, multi-instrumentalist. Composer, pianist and backing vocalist of British piano rock band Keane.
- "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- OS Explorer map Eastbourne and Beachy Head Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton B2 edition. Publishing Date:2009. ISBN 978 0319240823
- Historic England. "Otteham Court (295526)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "The chapel at Otteham Court (295527)". Images of England.
- http://www.cartoplus.co.uk/wealden/text/17polegt.htm Draft Wealden Local Plan Review
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on 9 July 2013.
- "District Council Elections" (PDF). Wealden District Council. 3 May 2007. p. 4. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- "Parish Council Elections" (PDF). Wealden District Council. 3 May 2007. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- "Your Councillors". Wealden District Council. Retrieved 6 February 2008.
- "County Council Election, 4 June 2009". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
- "UK MEP's". UK Office of the European Parliament. Archived from the original on 24 January 2007. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
- Draft Wealden Local Plan Review
- Notes including the windmill
- Polegate School
- St John's Church
- Polegate Twinning Association