Map of the Plitvička Jezera municipality within its county
Location of Plitvička Jezera within Croatia
|Coordinates: 44°52′N 15°37′E / 44.867°N 15.617°E|
|• Mayor||Ivica Kukuruzović (HDZ)|
|• Total||539.08 km2 (208.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||612 m (2,008 ft)|
|• Density||9/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||53 231|
Plitvička Jezera (pronounced [plîtv̞itʃkaː jɛzɛ̌ra] or just Plitvice [plîtv̞itsɛ]; Plitvice Lakes, in English) is a municipality (općina) in central Croatia, in the eastern part of the Lika-Senj county, that lies in and near the eponymous Plitvice Lakes National Park, bisected by the D1 main road (Zagreb–Split). Its total area is 539.08 km2 The main town and seat of the municipality is Korenica. Smaller towns and villages are Bjelopolje, Jezerce, and Ličko Petrovo Selo.
According to the 2001 census, its total population was 4,668. The ethnic composition of Plitvička Jezera was 67.3% Croat and 30.5% Serb. In the 2011 census, the population dropped to 4,373, of which 70.11% were Croats and 27.08% were Serbs. The settlements in the municipality are:
- Čujića Krčevina
- Donji Babin Potok
- Donji Vaganac
- Drakulić Rijeka
- Gornji Babin Potok
- Gornji Vaganac
- Gradina Korenička
- Kapela Korenička
- Kompolje Koreničko
- Končarev Kraj
- Ličko Petrovo Selo
- Novo Selo Koreničko
- Plitvica Selo
- Plitvička Jezera
- Plitvički Ljeskovac
- Ponor Korenički
- Sertić Poljana
- Tuk Bjelopoljski
- Vrelo Koreničko
During the Croatian War of Independence and the Krajina uprising, many areas were mined to stop enemy advances. The area around the Korana Bridge has recently been de-mined, but there are still other areas suspected to be mine contaminated as per reports from the local NGO Croatian Mine Action Centre.
Many local ethnic Serbs left the municipality during the war. Between 1,500-2,000 have returned. According to Human Rights Watch, many of the ethnic Serbian returnees were experiencing higher unemployment rates and being "excluded from work in municipal or town-run services and institutions, including the National Park".
Plitvice Lakes National Park is a major tourist destination and the area's main source of income, together with arable lands, grazing lands and woods. Due to the Plitvice Lakes National Park's unique geological evolution and beauty, it was entered in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1979.
Notable natives and residents
- "Population contingents, by towns/municipalities, census 2001". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
- "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- "Demining". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2006.
- NGO Croatian Mine Action Centre report at the Wayback Machine (archived 12 February 2006)
- "Broken Promises: Impediments to Refugee Return: ENJOYMENT OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS". hrw.org. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
- Plitvice Lakes National Park website, np-plitvicka-jezera.hr; accessed 30 November 2016.