Panorama of Plav
Location of Plav in Montenegro
|Coordinates: 42°36′N 19°56′E / 42.6°N 19.94°ECoordinates: 42°36′N 19°56′E / 42.6°N 19.94°E|
|• Mayor||Skender Šarkinović (DPS)|
|• Ruling party||DPS - BS|
|• Total||486 km2 (188 sq mi)|
|Population (2003 census)|
|• Density||28/km2 (70/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+382 51|
|ISO 3166-2 code||ME-13|
Plav is the centre of Plav Municipality (population of 13,805).
The name Plav (Плав) is derived from Slavic plav, "a flooded place" (poplava, "flood"). In Albanian it is known as Plava.
The settlement of Plav itself was founded by the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman census organised in 1582-83 registered the Plav nahiyah within the Sanjak of Scutari with 18 villages; according to historian Milan Vasić all inhabitants had personal names with a Serbian character, and no Muslims were present.
From the mid-17th-century the Kelmend tribe from northern Albania and the Kuči tribe began settling the Plav-Gusinje ravine, competing with other Serbian and Muslim Albanian immigrants from Malësia and Montenegro, that were predominantly Serbian-speaking. The small towns of Plav and Gusinje were also of mixed population, whose mother tongue was Serbian. The province was inhabited by a Serbian population (including to a lesser extent a Muslim population of Serb origin and language) and an Albanian population.
In 1878, following the Treaty of Berlin, the city of Plav was ceded to Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire despite having a Muslim-majority population. However, armed resistance of the League of Prizren and their victory against Montenegrin troops at Battle of Novšiće (1879) prevented the implementation. Ottomans had to cede Ulcinj to Montenegro after pressure from the Great Powers in 1881. Plav finally became part of Montenegro after the First Balkan War in 1912.
In 1939, the population of Plav was estimated to have been predominantly Islamized Serbian, while that of Gusinje predominantly Albanian and bilingual. The notable families of Plav at this time were the Medunjani, Šeović, Luković, and Šabović–Ferović.
In the area of the Plav municipality there are 13 sports clubs and societies that are actively engaged in sports and competitions. Some are in the First Montenegrin league and some in the Second Montenegrin league.
- Football Club Jezero
- Football Club Gusinje
- Football Club Polimlje
- Handball Club Plav
- Chess Club Jezero
- Karate Club Jezero
- Kayak Club Plavsko Jezero
- Sport Fishing Society Plavsko Jezero
- Mountaineering Skiing Society Kofiljaca
- Skiing-mountain Society Karanfil
- Mountaineering Society Visitor
- Hunting Society Rocks Plav
- Hunting Sports Society May carnation
Plav is administrative centre of Plav municipality, which in 2003 had a population of 13,805, mostly Bosniaks. The town of Plav itself has 3,615 citizens. Population of Plav (city):
- 1981 - 3,348
- 1991 - 4,073
- 2003 - 3,165
- Esad Mekuli, Albanian poet and scholar.
- Miodrag Džudović, footballer
- Mirsad Huseinovic, footballer
- Mersim Beskovic, footballer
- Ekrem Jevrić, singer
- Contributions onomatologiques. 18. Akademija. 2005. p. 8.
- ALEKSANDAR LOMA (2013). LA TOPONYMIE DE LA CHARTE DE FONDATION DE BANJSKA: Vers la conception d’un dictionnaire des noms de lieux de la Serbie medievale et une meilleure connaissance des structures onomastiques du slave commun. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 170. ISBN 978-86-7025-621-7.
- Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC 29549273
- Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti 1985, p. 110.
- Brastvo. 30. Društvo sv. Save. 1939. p. 121.
- Gornje Polimlje: priroda, stanovništvo i naselja. Geografski institut Filozofskog fakulteta. 2005. ISBN 978-86-7794-000-3.
- Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti (1985). Posebna izdanja. 566-567. p. 110.
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