True plantains

For other starchy bananas used in cooking, see cooking plantain, East African Highland bananas and Matoke. For all other uses of "plantain", see plantain.
Plantain subgroup

Plantains for sale
Genus Musa
Species Musa × paradisiaca
Hybrid parentage M. acuminata × M. balbisiana
Cultivar group AAB Group, Plantain subgroup
Origin Southeast Asia, South Asia

"True" plantains are a group of cultivars of the genus Musa (bananas and plantains) placed in the Plantain subgroup of the AAB genome group. The term "plantain" can refer to all the banana cultivars which are normally eaten after cooking, rather than raw (see cooking plantain), or it can refer to members of other subgroups of Musa cultivars, such as the Pacific plantains.[1] True plantains are divided into four groups based on their bunch type: French, French Horn, False Horn and Horn plantains.[2]

Each bunch type has a variety of cultivars associated to it - i.e.:[3]

In the 1990s, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture published two guides to help scientists and farmers identify plantains in West Africa and support their cultivation.

See also


  1. Ploetz, R.C.; Kepler, A.K.; Daniells, J. & Nelson, S.C. (2007), "Banana and Plantain: An Overview with Emphasis on Pacific Island Cultivars", in Elevitch, C.R., Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry (PDF), Hōlualoa, Hawai'i: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), retrieved 2013-01-10
  6. Swennen, R. and Ortiz, R. 1997. Morphology and growth of plantain and banana. IITA Research Guide 66. Training Program, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. (First edition, 32 pages)
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