Pierrier à boîte

Pierrier à boîte

Pierrier à boîte (1410). Musée de l'Armée.
Type Cannon
Place of origin Western Europe
Service history
In service 1410-
Used by Western European countries
Wars Hundred Years War
Production history
Designer Unknown
Designed 15th century
Produced 15th century-
Number built ?
Weight 41.190 kg
Length 72 cm

Caliber 38 mm
Effective firing range ?

A Pierrier à boîte was an early type of small wrought iron cannon developed in the early 15th century, and a type of breech-loading swivel gun. It was part of the artillery of France in the Middle Ages, and the artillery of the Middle Ages in general.[1]

The pierrier was a breech-loading weapon, using a powder chamber similar to a beer mug for loading of individual shots, without having to load from the front or lose time ramming charges in.

The pierrier allowed for extremely fast loading and firing, as it expended charges prepared in advance.[2] On the downside, it leaked easily, leading to loss of power and safety issues for the gunners.[3]

The pierrier was often used with a swivel. It was a weapon of choice on warships for intense and close encounters.[4] It remained in use until the 19th century.

Note: it should not be confused with the 18th-century pierrier as described in the Encyclopédie of Diderot, which was a thin-walled wide-mouthed stone-throwing mortar (see the lower image in his Pl. X).


See also

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