Philippa of Guelders

Philippa of Guelders

Effigy of Philippa
Duchess of Lorraine
Tenure 1 September 1485 – 10 December 1508
Born (1467-11-09)9 November 1467
Died 28 February 1547(1547-02-28) (aged 79)
Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson
Burial Cordeliers Convent, Nancy
Spouse René II, Duke of Lorraine
Among others...
Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
Claude, Duke of Guise
John, Cardinal of Lorraine
Louis, Count of Vaudémont
House House of Egmond
House of Vaudémont
Father Adolf of Egmond
Mother Catharine of Bourbon
Religion Roman Catholicism

Philippa of Guelders (French: Philippe de Gueldres[1]) (9 November 1467 – 28 February 1547[2]), was a Duchess consort of Lorraine. She served as regent of Lorraine during the absence of her son.

She was the daughter of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon.[3] Philippa was the twin of Charles, Duke of Guelders; they were born at Grave, Netherlands, and were their parents' only children. To strengthen the ties between the Kingdom of France and the Duchy of Lorraine, she was chosen as the bride of René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451–1508). The marriage took place in Orléans on 1 September 1485.

After the death of her spouse in 1508, Philippa tried to assume the regency of the duchy in the name of her son Anthony, who was 19 years old, but it was decided that he was old enough to reign alone. However, when Duke Anthony left to serve in the French campaign in Italy in 1509, he appointed his mother Philippa to serve as regent in Lorraine during his absence.[4] Her regency has been regarded as a wise one.

On 13 June 1509 she redeemed the lordship of Mayenne from Margaret of Vaudémont, Duchess of Alençon. She retired to the convent Clarisse to Pont-à-Mousson on 15 December 1519 where she remained until her death. She was still a dominant figure in her family and often visited by her relatives, who treated her with great respect, and she maintained a reputation of piety and popularity with the public.[5]

While at the convent she commanded a magnificent altarpiece for the congregation, it remained there until his death. Her twin brother Charles, Duke of Gelderland, died on 30 June 1538, without legitimate offspring. Philippa claimed the duchies of Gelderland and Jülich but Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, seized the duchies. She ceded the claim to the two duchies to her son Anthony, who added it to his coat of arms.

Philippa died at the Convent of Poor Clares of Pont-à-Mousson on 28 February 1547, aged seventy nine. She outlived nine of her eleven children and was alive at the time of birth of some great-grandchildren, including Mary, Queen of Scots.


Philippa and René had the following children:



  1. Denis, Paul (1911). Ligier Richier: l'artiste et son œuvre. Berger-Levrault. p. 424.
  2. royalfam.ged
  3. Philippa De Guelders
  4. Julia Cartwright: Christina of Denmark. Duchess of Milan and Lorraine. 1522-1590, New York, 1913
  5. Julia Cartwright: Christina of Denmark. Duchess of Milan and Lorraine. 1522-1590, New York, 1913
Philippa of Guelders
Born: 9 November 1467 Died: 28 February 1547
Preceded by
Joan, Countess of Tancarville
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Succeeded by
Renée of Bourbon
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