Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke

The 2nd Earl of Hardwicke.

Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke FRS (9 March 1720 16 May 1790) was an English politician.


The eldest son of Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, he was educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.[1] In 1741 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society.

He sat in the House of Commons as member for Reigate (174147), and afterwards for Cambridgeshire; and he kept notes of the debates which were afterwards embodied in Cobbett's Parliamentary History. During the political crisis over the loss of Minorca to the French in 1756, Lord Royston was tapped with collecting favourable press accounts of the ministry. He joined his father, as well as Lord Mansfield, to defend the Newcastle ministry during the parliamentary inquiries following the execution of Admiral John Byng.[2]

He was styled Viscount Royston from 1754 till 1764, when he succeeded to the earldom. In politics he supported the Rockingham Whigs. He held the office of Teller of the Exchequer, and was Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire and high steward of Cambridge University. He edited a quantity of miscellaneous state papers and correspondence, to be found in manuscript collections in the British Museum. Between 1756 and 1760, he served in the honorary position of vice president of the Foundling Hospital, a charitable institution providing for London's abandoned children.

He is buried in Flitton, Bedfordshire with a monument by Thomas Banks.[3]


With his brother, Charles Yorke, he was one of the chief contributors to Athenian Letters; or the Epistolary Correspondence of an agent of the King of Persia residing at Athens during the Peloponnesian War (4 vols., London, 1741), a work that for many years had a considerable vogue and went through several editions.


On 22 May 1740, he married Lady Jemima Campbell, only daughter of John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane, and granddaughter and heiress of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, who became in her own right Marchioness Grey. They had two daughters:

He was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew Philip.


  1. "Yorke, Philip (YRK737P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. M. John Cardwell, Arts and Arms: Literature, Politics and Patriotism During the Seven Years War, (Manchester University Press, 2004), 50-1.
  3. Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Cocks
John Hervey
Member of Parliament for Reigate
with James Cocks 1741–1747
Charles Cocks 1747

Succeeded by
Charles Cocks
Charles Yorke
Preceded by
Samuel Shepheard
Soame Jenyns
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
with Soame Jenyns 1747–1754
Marquess of Granby 1754–1764

Succeeded by
Marquess of Granby
Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Charles Turner, Bt
Teller of the Exchequer
Succeeded by
The Earl Bathurst
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Lincoln
Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Philip Yorke
Earl of Hardwicke
Succeeded by
Philip Yorke
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