Philips Vingboons

Philips Vingboons
Born c. 1607
Amsterdam, Dutch Republic
Died 1678
Amsterdam, Dutch Republic
Nationality Dutch
Occupation Architect
Practice Neo-classicism
Buildings Herengracht 168
Kloveniersburgwal 95

Philips Vingboons (or Vinckboons, Vinckeboons, Vinckbooms) (c. 1607 – 2 October 1678) was a Dutch architect. He was part of the school of Jacob van Campen, that is, Dutch Classicism. Vingboons was especially highly regarded in his native city of Amsterdam.


Herengracht 168

Philips Vingboons was born in circa 1607 in Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic.[1] His father David Vinckboons was a painter from the Southern Netherlands who had fled from Antwerp to Amsterdam during the Dutch Revolt.[1] Vingboons had nine brothers and sisters.[2] His brother Johannes Vingboons was a painter[3] and his brother Justus Vingboons also was an architect.[2]

Vingboons started his career as a painter in the family business with his father and siblings, where he was educated with cartography, mathematics, architecture, and classics. He later became an architect, and he was possibly a student of the architect Jacob van Campen.[2] He became engaged to Petronella Questiés on 21 April 1645, when he was 37 years old.[1] He had a set of his designs engraved by his brother Jan in 1648 for the Amsterdam council, and Justus Danckerts published these in 1688.[4] Thanks to this book, much of his work can be attributed accurately, including some designs that were not executed, such as his maquette for the Amsterdam city hall, and the buitenplaats Vredenburch in Beemster. Vingboons died in 1678[2] and was buried on 10 February 1678 in Amsterdam.[1]


Model of his plans for the new Amsterdam City Hall (not executed - commission was awarded to Jacob van Campen)

In contrast with Jacob van Campen, Vingboons knew how to fit classicism creatively with the typically narrow city houses of Amsterdam. Philips Vingboons is well named as the inventor of the Amsterdam "Halsgevel" (literally neck front) type of facade, since in 1638 he designed the oldest surviving "Halsgevel" in Amsterdam, at Herengracht 168. Indeed, it is even sometimes called the "Vingboonsgevel" after him. It was widely imitated in the period of Dutch Classicism (1640–1665) on a grand scale. On simpler houses, it appeared as a simple brick pilaster-halsgevel, with a few restrained ornaments - this type is named a "Vingboons-imitatie" (Vingboons-imitation).

Another of his designs was Kloveniersburgwal 95, in 1642, one of the most finely proportioned classical-school city-palaces in Amsterdam. Philips Vingboons lived during the high point of Amsterdam's power and wealth, halfway through the 17th century, and became the city's most important architect and designer. He especially designed houses since, as a Catholic, he was passed over for state commissions. In 1648 and 1674 a book was published with Philips Vingboons' designs ("Afbeeldsels"), through which we have a good idea of his work.

Works in Amsterdam

Coordinates<sup style="line-height:1em; margin-left:0.3em; color:blue; cursor:help;" title="Locations of the rijksmonuments are based on the project "Project Actualisering Rijksmonumenten (AMR)". The difference in location can deviate several hundreds meters.">? No.?
Upper windows were removed in the 18th century in the widening of the walls House 1638 Philip Vingboons Herengracht 168 52°22′27″N 4°53′13″E / 52.37419°N 4.88695°E / 52.37419; 4.88695 (RM1760 - Herengracht 168) 1760
Cromhouthuizen, now Bijbels Museum House 1660-1662 Philip Vingboons Herengracht 364-370 52°22′07″N 4°53′11″E / 52.36853°N 4.88635°E / 52.36853; 4.88635 (RM1820 - Herengracht 364-370) 1820
Museum Het Grachtenhuis House 1663-1665 Philip Vingboons Herengracht 386 52°22′04″N 4°53′11″E / 52.36788°N 4.88628°E / 52.36788; 4.88628 (RM1828 - Herengracht 386) 1828
Canal house House 1664-1667 Philip Vingboons Herengracht 412 52°22′01″N 4°53′14″E / 52.36690°N 4.88722°E / 52.36690; 4.88722 (RM - Herengracht 412)
Huis Deutz House 1663 Philip Vingboons Herengracht 450 52°21′56″N 4°21′57″E / 52.36560°N 4.36575°E / 52.36560; 4.36575 (RM1853 - Herengracht 450) 1853
The Eagle (Arend), former headquarters NHM House 1669 Philip Vingboons Herengracht 466 52°21′55″N 4°53′26″E / 52.36524°N 4.89059°E / 52.36524; 4.89059 (RM1861 - Herengracht 466) 1861
Canal house House 1639 Philip Vingboons Keizersgracht 319 52°22′11″N 4°53′06″E / 52.36980°N 4.88504°E / 52.36980; 4.88504 (RM2308 - Keizersgracht 319) 2308
Canal House House 1664-1665 Philip Vingboons Keizersgracht 577 52°21′51″N 4°53′28″E / 52.36425°N 4.8912°E / 52.36425; 4.8912 (RM - Keizersgracht 577)
Canal House House 1661 Philip Vingboons Prinsengracht 92 52°22′38″N 4°53′06″E / 52.37713°N 4.8849°E / 52.37713; 4.8849 (RM4512 - Prinsengracht 92) 4512
Bambeeck House called "The Star" House 1650 Philip Vingboons Kloveniersburgwal 77 52°22′10″N 4°53′52″E / 52.36958°N 4.8978°E / 52.36958; 4.8978 (RM2993 - Kloveniersburgwal 77) 2993
Het Poppenhuis House 1642 Philip Vingboons Kloveniersburgwal 95 52°22′09″N 4°53′51″E / 52.36912°N 4.89741°E / 52.36912; 4.89741 (RM2998 - Kloveniersburgwal 95) 2998
Canal house House 1646 Philip Vingboons Rokin 95 52°22′09″N 4°53′51″E / 52.36912°N 4.89741°E / 52.36912; 4.89741 (RM4994 - Rokin 95) 4994
Canal houses formerly used by St. Pietersgasthuis House 1641-1643 Philip Vingboons Rokin/Oude Turfmarkt 145-147 52°22′03″N 4°53′37″E / 52.36754°N 4.89354°E / 52.36754; 4.89354 (RM5786 - Rokin/Oude Turfmarkt 145-147) 5786
3 Canal houses House 1639 Philip Vingboons Singel 282-286 52°22′03″N 4°53′05″E / 52.36756°N 4.88482°E / 52.36756; 4.88482 (RM5339 - Singel 282-286) 5339
Neurenberg / Odeon House 1662 Philip Vingboons Singel 460 52°22′03″N 4°53′20″E / 52.36754°N 4.88882°E / 52.36754; 4.88882 (RM5408 - Singel 460) 5408
Huydecoper house (bombed in 1943) House 1639-1642 Philip Vingboons Singel 548 52°22′01″N 4°53′37″E / 52.36683°N 4.89369°E / 52.36683; 4.89369 (RM - Singel 548)
Jacob's Ladder, Canal house named for its gable stone with Jacob's dream House 1639-1642 Philip Vingboons Oudezijds Voorburgwal 316A 52°22′11″N 4°53′40″E / 52.36966°N 4.89433°E / 52.36966; 4.89433 (RM6161 - Oudezijds Voorburgwal 316A) 6161
Weaver's house Noortsche Bos House 1670-1671 Philip Vingboons Eerste Weteringdwarsstraat 52°22′11″N 4°53′40″E / 52.36966°N 4.89433°E / 52.36966; 4.89433 (RM6353 - Eerste Weteringdwarsstraat) 6353
Begijnhof Chapel of St. John and St. Ursula Church 1671-1672 Philip Vingboons Begijnhof 52°22′11″N 4°53′25″E / 52.36965°N 4.89033°E / 52.36965; 4.89033 (RM368 - Begijnhof) 368

Other works

Vingboons designed country homes for Amsterdam regency members such as Driemond, near Weesp, 1642, Havezate Rollecate near Vollenhove, circa 1654, Westwijk for Reinier Pauw de Jonge (1637) in Purmer,[5] Nijenhuis and Peckendam near Diepenheim, 1656, Gansenhoef in Maarssen, Vanenburg for Hendrik van Eessen near Harderwijk, 1664, Borg Nittersum for Joan Clant in Stedum, and Harsveld in Ootmarsum.


  1. 1 2 3 4 Philips Vinckboons II in the RKD
  2. 1 2 3 4 Architects in order of appearance. Government of Amsterdam. Retrieved on 2008-05-26.
  3. Johannes Vinckboons in the RKD
  4. Gronden en afbeeldsels der voornaamste gebouwen, van alle die Philips Vingboons geordineert heeft, by Philips Vingboons and Justus Danckerts, Amsterdam, 1688
  5. Westwijk in the Geheugen van Nederland
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