Phủ biên tạp lục

The Paracel Islands in Phủ biên tạp lục

The Phủ biên tạp lục (chữ Hán: 撫邊雜錄 Miscellaneous Chronicles of the Pacified Frontier 1776) is a 6 volume Chinese-language geography by the Vietnamese Confucian scholar and encyclopaedist Lê Quý Đôn.

It is a detailed description of the Nguyễn dynasty's territories in Thuận Hóa and Quảng Nam provinces, and covers outlying areas such as the Spratly Islands and Paracel Islands.[1] The Chinese text was translated into modern Vietnamese quốc ngữ by the modern historian Đào Duy Anh.[2]


  1. Anh Tuá̂n Hoàng Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese Relations, 1637-1700 2007 - Page 281 "Lê Quý Đôn, Phủ biên tạp lục [A Compilation of the Miscellaneous Records When the Southern Border Was Pacified] (Hanoi: KHXH, "
  2. Erica J. Peters Appetites and Aspirations in Vietnam: Food and Drink in the Long 19th Century 2011- Page 282 "Lê Quý Đôn. Toàn Tập: Tập I: Phủ biên tạp lục (Complete works, Vol. 1: Miscellaneous chronicles of the pacified frontier). Transl. from Chinese characters into quốc ngữ by Đào Duy Anh. Hanoi: NXB Khoa Học Xã Hội, 1977 [orig. 1776]."
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