Peter II of Sicily

Peter II of Sicily

Peter kneeling before Christ, from a mosaic in the cathedral of Messina
King of Sicily
Tenure 25 June 1337 - 15 August 1342
Predecessor Frederick III of Sicily
Successor Louis, King of Sicily
Born 1304
Died 15 August 1342(1342-08-15)
Burial Cathedral of Palermo
Spouse Elisabeth of Carinthia
Issue Louis of Sicily
Frederick IV of Sicily
Constance of Sicily
Eleanor, Queen of Aragon
Beatrice, Electress Palatine
Euphemia of Sicily
Violante of Sicily
John of Sicily
Blanche, Countess of Amphurias
House House of Barcelona
Father Frederick III of Sicily
Mother Eleanor of Anjou

Peter II (1304 – 8 August 1342) was the King of Sicily from 1337 until his death, although he was associated with his father as co-ruler from 1321. Peter's father Frederick III of Sicily and his mother was Eleanor, a daughter of Charles II of Naples. His reign was marked by strife between the throne and the nobility, especially the old families of Ventimiglia, Palizzi and Chiaramonte, and by war between Sicily and Naples.[1]

Contemporaries regarded Peter as feeble-minded. Giovanni Villani, in his Nuova Cronica, calls him "vitually half-witted" (quasi un mentacatto) and Nicola Speciale, in his Historia Sicula, calls him "pure and simple" (purus et simplex).[1]

Under Peter, the Neapolitans conquered the Lipari Islands and took the cities of Milazzo and Termini in Sicily itself.[1] He died after a short illness on 8 August 1342[1] in Calascibetta and was buried in the cathedral of Palermo. He was succeeded by Louis, his eldest son, who was only five years old.

Marriage and Children

He married Elisabeth of Carinthia, with whom he had nine children:



  1. 1 2 3 4 Philip Grierson and Lucia Travaini, Medieval European Coinage: With a Catalogue of the Coins in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, vol. 14 (Italy), part 3 (South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia) (Cambridge University Press, 1998), p. 268.
  2. SICILY, Medieval Lands
Peter II of Sicily
Born: July 1305 Died: 15 August 1342
Preceded by
Frederick II
King of Sicily
Succeeded by
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