Petar Bojović

Petar Bojović
Deputy Commander in Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces
In office
3 April 1941  17 April 1941
Monarch Peter II
Preceded by Prince Paul
Succeeded by Dušan Simović
Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces
In office
21 January 1921  8 December 1921
Monarch Peter I
Alexander I
Preceded by Živojin Mišić
Succeeded by Petar Pešić
Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command of the Serbian Army
In office
8 December 1915  1 July 1918
Monarch Peter I
Preceded by Radomir Putnik
Succeeded by Živojin Mišić
Chief of the Serbian General Staff
In office
Monarch Peter I
Preceded by Aleksandar Mašin
Succeeded by Radomir Putnik
Personal details
Born (1858-06-16)16 June 1858
Miševići, Nova Varoš, Ottoman Empire
Died 19 January 1945(1945-01-19) (aged 86)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Resting place New Cemetery Belgrade
Spouse(s) Mileva Bojović (1893–1945; his death)
Children Božidar Bojović
Vojislav Bojović
Jelica Bojović
Dobroslav Bojović
Rada Bojović
Radoslav Bojović
Alma mater Military Academy Serbia
Profession Army officer
Religion Serbian Orthodox Christianity
Awards Order of the Star of Karageorge
Order of the Star of Karageorge with Swords
Order of the Yugoslav Crown
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Military service
Allegiance Serbia Principality of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Service/branch Serbian Army
Years of service 1876–1921
Rank Field Marshal
Commands Serbian 1st Army
Battles/wars Serbo-Turkish War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I
World War II

Petar Bojović GCLH, KCMG (Serbian: Петар Бојовић, pronounced [pɛ̂tar bɔ̂ːjɔʋitɕ]; 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš – 19 January 1945 in Belgrade) was a Serbian military commander who fought in the Serbo-Turkish War, the Serbo-Bulgarian War, the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War, World War I and World War II. Following the breakthrough on the Thessaloniki Front he was promoted to fourth Field Marshal.



Bojović was born on 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš. He had distant ancestry from the Vasojevići.

He fought in Serbian-Ottoman Wars from 1876 to 1878 as a cadet of the Artillery school, as well as in wars that Serbia waged at the beginning of the 20th century. He was Chief of the General Staff for the first time from 1905 to 1908.

Balkan Wars

In the Balkan Wars, he was the Chief of Staff of the 1st Army, which scored huge success in battles of Kumanovo, Bitola (First Balkan War) and Bregalnica (Second Balkan War). He took part in peace negotiations with Turkey, held in London in 1913, as a military expert in the Serbian Government delegation.

World War I

At the start of World War I, he was given command of the 1st Army. His army suffered huge losses at the Battle of Drina, but managed to stop the Austro-Hungarian offensive. Bojović was wounded in the battle, and was replaced at the army general position by Živojin Mišić. In January 1916, he was appointed Chief of General Staff for a second time in place of the ailing vojvoda Radomir Putnik, who was carried by his soldiers to the city of Skadar. He held that position until June 1918, when he resigned because of disputes with the allied generals on the issue of widening the Thessaloniki Front. He returned to his position Commander of the 1st Army, which broke the enemy lines and advanced deep into the occupied territory. He received the title of Field Marshal on 13 September 1918 for his contribution during the war.

Post-war and last years

In 1921, he was appointed Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army, and in 1922 he withdrew from active service. At the very beginning of World War II, Petar Bojovic was appointed Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces by the young King Petar II Karađorđević. However, because of his old age, he did not participate in the events that followed.


Petar Bojović was beaten on 19 January 1945 by a group of partisans who came to forcibly evict him from his home in Trnska street in Belgrade. According to an alleged testimony:[1]

Broz 'liberators' entered the house of the Bojović in Trnska street No. 25. They liked the house. Once inside, the noticeable Voivod robe was over a chair, and on the table lay the Voivod hat. The very fact that Bojović was 'King's Voivoda' was enough for the 'liberators' to use force. First, kicking his voivoda hat, and then, after harsh words, they rushed to the weak Bojović, at that time at his ninth decade of life. Petar's son Dobrosav jumped to protect his father, but was overcome by a strong shock, and soon after that he was sent to the penitentiary Sremska Mitrovica.


From injuries sustained during the beating Bojović soon died, and his body was transferred to the new cemetery in a wagon on 20 January 1945. To prevent him being given tribute, the Communists on Radio Belgrade announced the news that anyone who tried to come to the funeral of the Vojvoda Bojović was to be arrested and prosecuted.[3]

The new administration in 1945 named one of the important streets in Belgrade after Vojvoda Bojović.[4]



Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petar Bojović.
Military offices
Preceded by
Radomir Putnik
Chief of the General Staff

Succeeded by
Continued service
Preceded by
Chief of the General Staff
Succeeded by
Živojin Mišić
Preceded by
Živojin Mišić
Chief of the General Staff of the Army of The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Succeeded by
Petar Pešić
Preceded by
Prince Paul
Deputy Commander in Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces
Succeeded by
Dušan Simović
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