Pella (regional unit)

For other uses, see Pella (disambiguation).
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Regional unit

Municipalities of Pella

Pella within Greece
Coordinates: 40°55′N 22°05′E / 40.917°N 22.083°E / 40.917; 22.083Coordinates: 40°55′N 22°05′E / 40.917°N 22.083°E / 40.917; 22.083
Country Greece
Region Central Macedonia
Capital Edessa
  Vice Governor Theodoros Theodoridis
  Total 2,506 km2 (968 sq mi)
Population (2011)
  Total 139,680
  Density 56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Postal codes 58x xx
Area codes 238x0
ISO 3166 code GR-59
Car plates ΕΕ

Pella (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Πέλλας) is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia. It is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great.[1] The capital of Pella is Edessa with a population of 19,036 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, while the largest city and industrial and commercial center is Giannitsa with 29,789 inhabitants. Other important centers are the towns Krya Vrisi, Aridaia and Skydra.


The regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[2]


Clocktower of Giannitsa.

The region covers an area of 2.505,8 Km2 the majority of which is covered by arable land, forests and pastures. The mountains that surround the county is Mount Vora (2,524 m), Mount Vermion (2,027 m), mount Paiko (1,458 m), Mount Jenna (2,182 m) and Mount Pinovo (2,154 m .). The main plains of the prefecture is plain of Pozar in the north and the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part of the county. Of particular interest is the natural environment and ecosystems of the prefecture (the mountains, lakes Vegoritida Agra, rivers Loudias, Edessian). The county is rich in surface and groundwater resources also in the district identified archaeological sites of great value which attract large numbers of visitors.

Administratively, the Pella divided into 4 municipalities (Kallikratis). The population is according to the latest census of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (2011) to 139,680 inhabitants...[2]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Almopia Aridaia Aridaia
Edessa Edessa Edessa
Pella Pella Giannitsa
Krya Vrysi
Megas Alexandros
Skydra Skydra Skydra


Provinces of Pella Prefecture Seat (if different)
Province of Almopia Aridaia
Province of Edessa
Province of Giannitsa

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.


The mountains lie to the north and the southwest especially the Vermio mountains, the Voras mountains to the northwest and the Paiko mountains to the northeast. The southernmost portion is flat and in the ancient times, it was a gulf connected with the Aegean Sea, the elevation does not succeed about 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) above sea level. Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, and by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the national border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia.

Tourism and sightseeing

Pella archaeological site.
Pozar thermal baths
Kaimaktsalan ski resort.


In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient Kingdom of Macedon. It later became part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following approximately 500 years of Ottoman rule, it joined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars.


The southern part of the regional unit has many orchards. Agriculture once represented its main industry, today, manufacturing, services and other businesses dominates about 70% of its industry.


See also


  1. Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3.
  2. 1 2 "Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
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