Pedro Fajardo, 5th Marquis of Los Vélez

Armory of the Marquis of los Vélez

Pedro Fajardo de Zúñiga y Requesens (1602 Palermo, Sicily, 3 November 1647) was a Spanish soldier and aristocrat notable for his command of Spanish forces during the Catalan Revolt after 1640. He was Viceroy of Valencia, 1631–1635, Viceroy of Navarre, 1638–1640, Viceroy of Catalonia, 1640–1642, Spanish Ambassador to Rome, and Viceroy of Sicily, 1644-1647.

He was 5th Marqués de los Vélez from 1631, and Grandee of Spain. He was born in Mula, region of Murcia, a great-grandson of Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens and the son of Luis Fajardo Requesens y Zúñiga, Marqués de los Vélez, (1576–1631), the preceding Viceroy of Valencia, 1628–1631, deceased 1631, 4th Marqués de los Vélez.

Vélez Blanco Castle is located in the Province of Almería, Spain, 37° 41′ 27″ N, 2° 05′ 54″ W

He joined the Spanish army and rose up the ranks to General. He was Viceroy of Valencia, 1631–1636, Viceroy of Navarre, 1638–1640. In 1641 when the Catalan Revolt broke out, he led a Spanish force into Catalonia which aimed to capture Barcelona and crush the revolt. He was defeated at the Battle of Montjuïc in 1641, and forced to withdraw along the coast to Tarragona which proved a devastating defeat to Spanish morale. He was dismissed and replaced as Viceroy of Catalonia by Pedro Antonio de Aragón, 1642–1644. Afterwards he was also a Viceroy of Sicily, 1644 - 1647.

He married Ana, a daughter of Fernando Afán de Ribera y Téllez-Girón, 3rd Duke of Alcalá de los Gazules, Viceroy of Naples, deceased 1636. There was no issue from this marriage. He remarried with Mariana Engracia Älvarez de Toledo y Portugal, from the family of the 6th Counts of Oropesa.

He was from his second marriage, the father of Fernando Joaquín Fajardo de Zúñiga Requesens, 6th Marquis de los Vélez, (before 1642 - Zaragoza, Spain, 1693), 6th Marqués de los Vélez since 1647, Viceroy of Sardinia, 1673–1675, and Viceroy of Naples, 1675 - 1683.

He died in Palermo, Sicily.


Government offices
Preceded by
Girolamo Carraffa e Carrascciolo
Viceroy of Aragon
Succeeded by
Francesco Maria Carraffa e Carraffa
Preceded by
Fernando de Andrade y Sotomayor, Archbishop of Burgos
Viceroy of Navarre
Succeeded by
Francesco Maria Carraffa e Carraffa
Preceded by
Enrique de Aragón Folc de Cardona y Córdoba
Viceroy of Catalonia
Succeeded by
Pedro Antonio de Aragón
Preceded by
Juan Alfonso Enríquez de Cabrera
Viceroy of Sicily
Succeeded by
Vicente de Guzmán
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