The Pauzoks at Lena River in 1881
Class overview
Name: Pauzok Russian: Паузок[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 120 tonnes (130 short tons)
Length: 24 m (79 ft)
Notes: a river flat-bottomed sail-rowing vessel

Pauzok[1] (Russian: Паузок) is a river flat-bottomed single-sticker boat with oar, and which was built for travelling the rivers of Russia.

On a court design flat-bottomed, without a deck, are collected from boards. They have a mast with a direct sail, can go on oars, there is superstructure for cargo (see image).[2]

They had one mast, length of the case to 24 metres (79 ft) and load-carrying capacity to 120 tonnes (130 short tons). Usually they accompanied the big vessels and were used for cargo transportation on shoal. Building of such courts was carried out in Northern regions of Russia, on Volga, on Lena River and in other places.

Pauzoks were rarely used independently, usually they were accompanied by a big vessel, delivering cargo to the coast or unloading cargo for overcoming rapids. Its boats are too ponderous for an independent alloy downstream; there were cases when it broke about coast; for such vessel to sit down on a bank there is a regular situation. For similar cases the vessel command has a long, thick and wide board which in Siberia is named Opleukha (Russian: оплеуха Translated: slap in the face). The part of oarsmen goes down in water and holds this board lower in the vessel and ejects the edge upwards across a current. A small dam is formed, and small rising of water raises the pauzok and it can be pushed off from a bank on a deep-water place.[3]

Delivery of cargoes to Lensky polar station were made on the Lena River with active use of pauzoks.[4]


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  1. 1 2 Nicolaes Witsen (1690). Старинное и современное судостроение и судовождение. Альманах «Соловецкое море» (in Russian). # 6 of 2007. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  2. "Lena river". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Moscow, Russia. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
  3. Ferdinand von Wrangel (1884). Путевые записки адмирала барона Ф. П. Врангеля. Исторический вестник (in Russian). № 10. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
  4. Duckalskaya, M. V. (2007). "Долгий путь на Сагастырь". Информационный бюллетень №1 "Новости МПГ". Saint Petersburg, Russia: Arctic and Antarctic Museum. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
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