Paulet Island

Paulet Island

Map of Graham Land, showing Paulet Island (10)
Paulet Island

Location in Antarctica

Location Antarctica
Coordinates 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783Coordinates: 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783
Archipelago Joinville Island group
Length 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Width 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Population Uninhabited
Additional information
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System
Paulet Island

Paulet Island, December 2004
Highest point
Elevation 353 m (1,158 ft)[1]
Prominence 353 m (1,158 ft)
Coordinates 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783[1]
Location Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctica
Mountain type Cinder cone[1]
Last eruption Unknown

Paulet Island is a circular island about 1.5 km (0.93 mi) in diameter, lying 4.5 km (2.8 mi) south-east of Dundee Island, off the north-eastern end of the Antarctic Peninsula. Because of its large penguin colony, it is a popular destination for sightseeing tours.


The island is composed of lava flows capped by a cinder cone with a small summit crater. Geothermal heat keeps parts of the island ice-free, and the youthful morphology of the volcano suggests that it was last active within the last 1,000 years.[1]

Historic monuments

Paulet Island was discovered by a British expedition (1839–1843) under James Clark Ross and named by him for Captain the Right Honorable Lord George Paulet, Royal Navy.

In 1903 during the Swedish Antarctic Expedition led by Otto Nordenskiöld his ship Antarctic was crushed and sunk by the ice off the coast of the island. A stone hut built in February 1903 by shipwreck survivors, together with the grave of an expedition member, and the cairn built on the highest point of the island to draw the attention of rescuers, have been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 41), following a proposal by Argentina and the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.[2] The shipwrecked crew of the Endurance original plan was to travel to the island and use stores there that were left by the above Swedish Expedition but the ice pack that they were stranded on eventually driffted too far east.[3]

Important Bird Area

The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports a very large breeding colony of about 100,000 pairs of Adélie penguins. Other birds known to nest on the island include imperial shags, snow petrels and kelp gulls.[4]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 "Paulet". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)" (PDF). Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
  3. Armstrong, Jennifer (1998). Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World. Knopf a imprint of Random House Children's Books, a division of Random House LLC, a Penguin Random House Company.
  4. "Paulet Island". BirdLife data zone: Important Bird Areas. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-12.


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